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DK1288_Appendix

DK1288_Appendix

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Appendix
Appendix
A. FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS, BASIC AND
DERIVED SI UNITS
A.1 FundamentalConstants
A.2 Fundamental SI Units
Physical quantity
Symbol
Unit name
Symbol
Length
l
meter
m
Mass
m
kilogram
kg
Time
t
second
s
Electric current
I
ampere
A
Thermodynamic
temperature
T
Kelvin
K
e
electron (proton) charge, 1.6022 10
\u00c019coulomb (C)
F
Faraday constant, 96,485 C mol
\u00c01
NA
Avogadro number, 6.022 1023 mol
\u00c01
kB
Boltzmann constant, 1.3807 10
\u00c023joule/kelvin (J K
\u00c01)
R
molar gas constant, 8.314 J K
\u00c01mol
\u00c01(0.08206 L atm mol
\u00c01K
\u00c01)
vM
molar volume of ideal gas, 0.02241 m3 mol
\u00c01
Copyright \u00a9 2004 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
A.3 Derived SI Units as Used in Chemistry
B. SYMBOLS USED IN CHEMICAL REACTION
FORMULAS
Attempts have been made to adhere to the following set of abbreviations for
the reacting species to simplify their identi\ufb01cation:
Ionic charges are omitted, when not necessary for understanding.
Other abbreviations commonly used:
Physical quantity
Symbol
Unit name, symbol, explanation
Physical mass (weight)
m(w)
gram, g;mAis weight of pure substance A
Molar mass
M
molecular weight in atomic mass units (amu)
Amount of substance
n
moles, mol;nA=mAMA
1 mol =NA molecules
Volume
V
liter, L, or dm3 (SI-unit is m3)
Concentration
cor [ ]
molarity,M, mol L\u00c01, or mol dm
\u00c03
Density
r
g/cm3 = 103 kg/m3 (SI unit is kg/m3)
Pressure
P
megapascal, MPa; 1 atm = 0.1013 MPa; 1 bar =
0.1 MPa
Temperature
T8C
degrees Celsius; 0 T8C = 273.15 K
Energy
E

joule (watt seconds, Ws) J; 1 kilocalorie
(Kcal) = 4.187 J; 1 electron volt (eV) =
1.602 2 10\u00c019J corresponds to 96.485 kJ

mol
\u00c01
M metal ion (central atom)
A (preferably lipophilic) extractant anion (anion of HA)
L
(preferably hydrophilic) ligand in aqueous phase (monobasic)
X any (likely noncomplexing) anion in aqueous phase
B
uncharged donor molecule (adduct former)
S
organic solvent molecules (solvating or nonsolvating)
A, B, C
for various solutes in general
Az\u00c0
anion in general, chargez
\u00c0
(may be omitted)
Cz+
cation in general, chargez+ (may be omitted)
Cn+An\u00c0
electrolyte in general, withn+ atoms of C andn
\u00c0
atoms of A in
a neutral salt (e.g., NaCl or NaClO4).
e, and ne for electrolyte and nonelectrolyte, respectively
Copyright \u00a9 2004 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
Physical state:

Gaseous (g)
Solid (s)
Liquid (l), not recommended in this text
Aqueous [i.e., dissolved in water (aq)]
Organic [i.e., dissolved in organic solvent (org); not recommended (s)]
Water (w), to speci\ufb01cally refer to water molecules

B.1 Abbreviations for Organic Compounds

AA: acetylacetone; 2,4-pentanedione
BA: benzoylacetone
DCTA: 1,2-diaminocyclohexane tetraacetic acid
DBP: dibutyl phosphoric acid
DTPA: diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid
DEHPA: di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid

PC88A: (and Ionquest 801) 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid 2-ethylhexyl ester

EDTA: ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid
FAA: hexa\ufb02uoroacetylacetone
HIBA:a-hydroxyisobutyric acid
LIX64: o-hydroxybenzophenone oxime
NTA: nitrilotriaminoacetic acid
TTA: thenoyltri\ufb02uoroacetone
TOA: trioctylamine; Aliquat-336 is mainly TOA
TDA: tridecylamine; Adogen 464 is C8\u2013C10amine
TLA: trilaurylamine; C12
TBP: tributyl phosphate
TOPO: trioctylphosphine oxide

RNH+3: organic primary ammonium ion
R2NH+2: organic secondary ammonium ion
R3NH+: organic tertiary ammonium ion
R4N+: organic quaternary ammonium ion

R: organic radical in general

Protolytic compounds are written as monobasic acids (e.g., HA), but the proton may be excluded as an abbreviation (e.g., TTA or EDTA). For example, in the text HTTA and TTA may mean the same if not speci\ufb01ed, as by the reaction HTTA\ue000!H++ TTA

\u00c0
.
Copyright \u00a9 2004 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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