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LCD Monitors

LCD Monitors

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Published by: Ahmad Fakhrurrazi MK on Nov 29, 2009
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09/15/2010

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1
LCD monitors
INTRODUCTION
A
 
liquid crystal display (LCD)
is an electronically-modulated optical deviceshaped into thin, flat panel made up any number of colours or 
monochrome pixel
filledwith liquid crystal and arrayed in front of light source (backlight) or reflector. It is often
utilized in battery-powered electronic devices
because it uses very small amount of electric power.
LCD monitors
, as their name suggests, use liquid crystal display (LCD)technology, making it far different from the ordinary CRT monitor. An LCD is a thin andflat display device composed of pixels arrayed in front of a light source or reflector.LCDs, in turn, use liquid crystals, which were
first discovered in 1888
. These crystalsare actually liquid chemicals that align perfectly when subjected to electrical fields; whenthey're properly aligned, they allow light to pass through them. LCDs use this propertyby using electrical currents to align the crystals and allow varying levels of light to passthrough and create the desired images and colors. To be more technical, the liquidcrystals are sandwiched between two pieces of polarized glass ("substrate").The fluorescent light source, also known as the backlight, emanates light thatpasses through the first substrate. The electrical currents then cause the crystals toalign, allow varying levels of light to pass through to the second substrate. The endresult is what you see onscreen.LCDs can use either active-matrix or passive-matrix structure. Most LCDmonitors, along with LCD TVs, use active-matrix.Any discussion regarding LCD monitors won't be complete without the word
"pixel"
. A pixel is a single point in a graphic image, and stands for 
"picture element"
.Each pixel on an LCD monitor comprises of three cells --one for the color red, one for green, and the last one for blue. Electric currents are used to straighten the liquid
IMD 203 - SUPPORT SERVICE AND MAINTAINANCE [1]
 
2
LCD monitors
crystals within each cell so that light is not bent at this level. An active matrix thin-filmtransistor is used to activate each cell.
LCD MONITOR SIZES
When shopping for an LCD monitor, the issue of how large a monitor you'll buy alwayspops up. Usually it's just a question of budget -- thrifty consumers go for the smaller monitors, while those who can afford go for the giants. However, you should alsoconsider your work space; if it's cramped, then there's no use in buying a 22-inch LCDmonitor!One thing you need to remember about the different LCD monitor sizes: they displayinformation well at only the resolution they were designed for, which is known as the"native resolution". CRT monitors don't have this problem. If you change your LCDmonitor's resolution settings, the display scales the image and the quality suffers (butnot by much, though). Listed below with each monitor size is its respective nativeresolution.
15”
The
smallest LCD
monitors you'd usually find nowadays would be the 15 inch LCDs.These monitors are available for only a few hundred dollars, and they have done well inflooding the market with LCDs and bringing down prices.15 inch LCD monitors have a
1024x768 native resolution
. These monitors are
greatfor CRT switchers
, but not for gamers, graphic designers, and serious computer users.
17”
17 inch LCD monitors are a step up the ladder. These monitors have a
nativeresolution of 1024x768 to 1280x960
, and are more comfortable for older people.However, they're also a tad more expensive than smaller monitors.
IMD 203 - SUPPORT SERVICE AND MAINTAINANCE [1]
 
3
LCD monitors
There are also high quality 17" LCDs that are
good for gamers
; some models featurepixel response times as low as 12ms. This allows gamers to enjoy their games withoutthe ghosting/blurring problem that plague lower end LCDs.
19”
The larger it becomes, the more expensive it gets. But if you've got the money, 19 inchLCD monitors are worth it -- they can take the burden off the eyes greatly. Thesemodels are
excellent for those who need to read and write a lot as well asconcerned about eye strain
.19 inch LCDs usually sport a
native resolution of 1280x1024 or 1600x1200
.
≥20”
20 inch and larger LCD monitors are for those demanding the best and can afford toshell out the money.These massive screen real estate monitors are the
top choice for avid gamers,graphic designers, CAD designers, and movie makers/fanatics
.20 inch LCD monitors usually boast of 
1600x1200 native resolutions
, and
screensabove 22 inches can easily reach 1900x1220 resolution
.These extremely large LCD screens pose some problems, though. For example, the
30-inch Apple Cinema HD Display
 requires two DVI inputs to properly function. If you'reprepared to spend cash on large LCDs, be
 
prepared to shell out more for powerfulgraphics cards, too.
IMD 203 - SUPPORT SERVICE AND MAINTAINANCE [1]

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