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English Short Stories

English Short Stories

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Published by emma

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Published by: emma on Nov 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/07/2012

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Table of Contents
The Nightingale And The Rose
..........................................................................................................................................................3
 Reading Guide
......................................................................................................................................................................................7
The Flowering Of The Strange Orchid
...........................................................................................................................................10
 Reading Guide
....................................................................................................................................................................................16
The Monkey's Paw
............................................................................................................................................................................19
 Reading Guide
....................................................................................................................................................................................26
The Three Strangers
.........................................................................................................................................................................29
 Reading Guide
....................................................................................................................................................................................43
 
3
Oscar Wilde
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde
was born October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland. Both of his parents were writers, andfrom an early age, Wilde was exposed to brilliant literary thinkers. Wilde's mother composed revolutionary Irish poetryandpublished underthename
Speranza
.Wilde'sfather,SirWilliamWilde,publishedmorethanadozenbooksonarchaeology and Irish folklore, in addition to his career as an eminent ear and eye surgeon.Wilde published his first book entitled
Poems
in 1881. The next year, he embarked on a successful lecture tour in theUnited States. While in the United States, Wilde saw the first play he had written,
Vera, or the Nihilists
(1882), performedin New York City. Wilde returned to Great Britain in 1883 and settled in London. In 1884, he married a wealthy Irish womannamed Constance Lloyd. They had two sons, Cyril and Vyvyan, after which Wilde devoted all of his time to writing.For two years, Wilde edited Woman's World and worked as a reviewer for the Pall Mall Gazette. In addition, he publisheda book of fairy tales entitled
The Happy Prince and Other Tales
(1888). Wilde's most successful and prolific period beganin the 1890s. His only novel,
The Picture of Dorian Gray 
was published in 1891. Some considered the book immoral, butothers called it brilliant. In 1892, Wilde published two additional books of fairy tales entitled
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime,and Other Stories
and
 A House of Pomegranates
.During the 1890s, Wilde also became known as one of London's most prominent playwrights for his society comedies.His first success was
Lady Windermere's Fan
(1892), followed by
 A Woman of No Importance
(1893),
 An Ideal Husband 
(1895). and
The Importance of Being Earnest 
(1895). Another play,
SalomÌ
(1893) was banned in London but later translatedand produced in Paris.In 1895, at the height of his career, Wilde was accused by the Marquess of Queensberry of being a sodomite based onhis relationship with the Marquess' son Lord Alfred Douglas. In turn, Wilde sued Queensberry for libel. Wilde lost his suitand was prosecuted by the government for indecent acts. He was found guilty and sentenced to two years at hard labor.During his incarceration, Wilde wrote an extensive letter to Douglas, which was later edited and published as
De Profundis
(1905). He also based
The Ballad of Reading Gaol 
(1898) on his experience in prison.Wilde was released from prison in May, 1897. He was bankrupt, with few future prospects. He moved to Paris but wasunable to revive his literary career. Wilde died suddenly on November 30, 1900 of an acute brain inflammation. A completeedition of his literary works and critical writings were published in 1908.

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