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Aula 6 Transportes ativo e passivo

Aula 6 Transportes ativo e passivo

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Published by: api-19738142 on Nov 30, 2009
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03/18/2014

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AULA 6: MEMBRANAS CELULARES:
transportes ativo e passivo
TRANSPORTE ATRAV\u00c9S DAS MEMBRANAS \u2013
a. FUN\u00c7\u00d5ES:
\u2022Incorpora\u00e7\u00e3o de novas subst\u00e2ncias para o metabolismo celular

(nutri\u00e7\u00e3o);
\u2022Elimina\u00e7\u00e3o de restos metab\u00f3licos (excre\u00e7\u00e3o);
\u2022Elimina\u00e7\u00e3o de subst\u00e2ncias especiais para o metabolismo

extracelular (secre\u00e7\u00e3o).
\u2022E tamb\u00e9m fun\u00e7\u00f5es especiais como: polariza\u00e7\u00e3o de membrana

(pela bomba de s\u00f3dio e pot\u00e1ssio) e
\u2022Defesa celular (pela fagocitose em leuc\u00f3citos).
\u2022Equil\u00edbrio h\u00eddrico
\u2022Controle da turgesc\u00eancia celular tamb\u00e9m est\u00e3o presentes (pela

difus\u00e3o ou osmose)

\u2022Os componentes hidrof\u00f3bicos, sol\u00faveis nos lip\u00eddios,
atravessam facilmente a membrana, por ser esta
constitu\u00edda de uma bicamada lip\u00eddica , como \u00e9 o caso dos
\u00e1cidos graxos, horm\u00f4nios ester\u00f3ides e anest\u00e9sicos.

\u2022As subst\u00e2ncias hidr\u00f3filas, insol\u00faveis nos lip\u00eddios,
penetram nas c\u00e9lulas com mais dificuldade, dependendo
do tamanho da mol\u00e9cula e tamb\u00e9m de suas
caracter\u00edsticas qu\u00edmicas.

\u2022A configura\u00e7\u00e3o molecular poder\u00e1 permitir que a
subst\u00e2ncia seja transportada por interm\u00e9dio de um dos
mecanismos especiais desenvolvidos durante a evolu\u00e7\u00e3o,
como o transporte ativo e a difus\u00e3o facilitada.

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