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Stories of the Liberation Movement

Stories of the Liberation Movement

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Published by Timothy

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Published by: Timothy on Jul 10, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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Stories of the Liberation Movement
Blood, sweat, and tears came from our people and others are part of our legacy as a community. Human beings sacrificed for freedom and justice. Courageous human beings fought hard as a means for the Civil Rights Act to be passed. Brothers & Sisters then and now are still fighting for the cause of freedom. Now, it has been 50 years later. That law was meant to protect civil rights among black Americans and all Americans. This law outlined many legitimate democratic principles. Still, we have a long way to go, because reactionary forces do seek to not only eliminate some of the Civil Rights Act & the Voting Rights Act, but all of it. Also, we can’t forget about the unsung heroes who fought for freedom, justice, and equality too. We can’t forget about Fannie Lou Hamer and the great leadership expressed by Ella Baker. Ella Baker was the Mother of SNCC and she told the truth that we need grassroots organization as a means for us to fight for justice. Great leaders like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X united in fighting for freedom even though they used different approaches. It took struggle to get where we are at today. Nothing occurs in life that is meaningful without struggle. We are fortunate to be here on this Earth as a product of the strength of our ancestors. Our people are fighting internationally too. Decades ago, Nkrumah fought against colonialism. He risked his life in opposing European imperialism. Today, we are still fighting against imperialism, discrimination, and neo-colonialism. If we want things to change, then we have to utilize our efforts, our strength, and our ingenuity to change things. The Civil Rights Act doesn’t mean that things are over or we live in a post-racial society. It means that we are moving forward and we have work to do. We have work to do when we need to advance political independence and we need to defend our people who are the victims of police brutality. We have work to do in fighting poverty and various forms of oppression. Yet, when we do real work like doing the right thing, then that work is always righteous. So, the work continues and the dream will never die.
60 Years after the Brown vs. Board of Education Decision
It has been 60 years since the U.S. Supreme Court decision of Brown V. Board of Education. That decision outlawed legalized segregated schools in America. Yet, we have a paradox. Today, we witness a re-segregation that has increased since the late 1980’s. Eliminating segregated schools has nothing to do with calling black teachers inferior.
We know that there are tons of excellent, qualified black teachers back then and now
. It has to do with human beings having the right to be educated in any public school without regard to race, class, or color. That is the point. It is about any student, regardless of class, having the right to receive a strong, adequate education. Extremists stole land in the Americas. Later on, their descendants have used Jim Crow (which is an instrument of the system of white supremacy) as means for them to violate the human rights of black people. Millions of African Americans migrated into the North and Midwest (including the West Coast) from the South as a means for people to gain economic & political rights. They wanted children to have a better education excluding discrimination and apartheid. Many black people were forced into crowded ghettoes and they sent their children to segregated schools via design. Back then, segregation was legal in the South, but in the North it was heavily custom (or de facto segregation existed in the North. The South back then had de jure segregation). Redlining was common in the North and the Midwest (like in Chicago). Black people in the North suffered racism in their housing and school options (backed up by the government agencies and the force of law). Black people fought to end segregated schooling. Even from 1920s to the 1950s, large desegregation battles took place in Northern suburbs and industrial towns in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, New York and Michigan. The NAACP supported lawsuits against segregated schooling. In 1951,
Barbara Johns
, a high school junior, organized a student strike at her all-Black high school in Virginia to protest poor conditions and overcrowding. Students contacted the NAACP for help, but its lawyers advised them against striking. The strikers' determination won the lawyers over, however, and their claim became part of the basis of the Brown case. Brown did not immediately end segregation, but it was a turning point. It gave black people confidence to further struggle for black liberation. We also must see that residential segregation and lax resources should end as well. Separate schools based on race in a racist society will never be progressive at all. Also, activists back then wanted desegregation to not integrate into a white supremacist society. They wanted black people to have access to better resources that many white schools had.
That is the point of black liberation
. We wanted to free economically, socially, and politically (and not allow the government to discriminate against us based on skin color). We wanted liberation and the best resources possible as white people have had.
We wanted justice
. As
Detroit parent Vera Bradley
 put it: "
We were upset because they weren't getting as many materials as some other schools. We figured if it was desegregated, we would get the same
." The
psychological angle of Brown had the perverse effect of falsely & immorally stigmatizing Black schools (and consequently, Black teachers) as necessarily inferior (which is a lie). Black kids were to be "integrated" into white schools--but never vice versa. There was no timeline for desegregation from the Brown decision.
Also, Jim Crow segregation should be gone, but
the growth of black institutions should never be eliminated though
. Some agree with opposing segregation (which I have no issue with), but they refuse to develop ways to
grow black infrastructure in an independent fashion
 (as advocated by Malcolm X and even Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. before he died).
This is Ruby Bridges in 2010. She is a hero. The Brown II ruling caused desegregation to come with all deliberate speed. In the opinion of one NAACP lawyer, this really meant "movement toward compliance on terms that the white South could accept." Stiff resistance to these court rulings came from white reactionaries. There were harassment, firings, and evictions. In 1956, Alabama outlawed the NAACP altogether. In 1957, when the Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth tried to enroll his children in an all-white school, he and his family narrowly escaped with their lives. Famously, when Black students tried to integrate Little Rock Central High School in September 1957, they were driven back by the Texas Rangers and by racist mobs. President Dwight Eisenhower tried to avoid the conflict, but eventually was forced to send U.S. troops to escort the students in the Little Rock school, which was the first time federal troops had been sent into the South since the Reconstruction era following the Civil War. Southern racists were not giving up their Jim Crow system without a fight. Brothers and Sisters fought back. A decade after Brown, 90.7 percent of the South's Black children still attended all-Black schools--400,000 more than in 1956. Schools in the North like in Harlem fought against

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