60 Years after the Brown vs. Board of Education Decision
It has been 60 years since the U.S. Supreme Court decision of Brown V. Board of Education. That decision outlawed legalized segregated schools in America. Yet, we have a paradox. Today, we witness a re-segregation that has increased since the late 1980’s. Eliminating segregated schools has nothing to do with calling black teachers inferior.
We know that there are tons of excellent, qualified black teachers back then and now
. It has to do with human beings having the right to be educated in any public school without regard to race, class, or color. That is the point. It is about any student, regardless of class, having the right to receive a strong, adequate education. Extremists stole land in the Americas. Later on, their descendants have used Jim Crow (which is an instrument of the system of white supremacy) as means for them to violate the human rights of black people. Millions of African Americans migrated into the North and Midwest (including the West Coast) from the South as a means for people to gain economic & political rights. They wanted children to have a better education excluding discrimination and apartheid. Many black people were forced into crowded ghettoes and they sent their children to segregated schools via design. Back then, segregation was legal in the South, but in the North it was heavily custom (or de facto segregation existed in the North. The South back then had de jure segregation). Redlining was common in the North and the Midwest (like in Chicago). Black people in the North suffered racism in their housing and school options (backed up by the government agencies and the force of law). Black people fought to end segregated schooling. Even from 1920s to the 1950s, large desegregation battles took place in Northern suburbs and industrial towns in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, New York and Michigan. The NAACP supported lawsuits against segregated schooling. In 1951,
, a high school junior, organized a student strike at her all-Black high school in Virginia to protest poor conditions and overcrowding. Students contacted the NAACP for help, but its lawyers advised them against striking. The strikers' determination won the lawyers over, however, and their claim became part of the basis of the Brown case. Brown did not immediately end segregation, but it was a turning point. It gave black people confidence to further struggle for black liberation. We also must see that residential segregation and lax resources should end as well. Separate schools based on race in a racist society will never be progressive at all. Also, activists back then wanted desegregation to not integrate into a white supremacist society. They wanted black people to have access to better resources that many white schools had.
That is the point of black liberation
. We wanted to free economically, socially, and politically (and not allow the government to discriminate against us based on skin color). We wanted liberation and the best resources possible as white people have had.
We wanted justice
Detroit parent Vera Bradley
put it: "
We were upset because they weren't getting as many materials as some other schools. We figured if it was desegregated, we would get the same