Machine tools are subjected to various tests before they are sent for sales. Sine machine tool
consists of various parts assembled together such as motor shafts, couplings, gears, clutches, bearings,
coolant pumps and other structures such as columns, beds, gear boxes, tail stock, head stock etc.
Certain basics tests are essential for smooth operation of machine tool. Tests also deal with
temperature increase in certain parts such as bearings. The rise in temperature in bearings should be
within permissible limits. The entire structure of machine tool should be stiff and rigid. The bed of the
machine tool is normally made of cast iron to have more vibration proof characteristics. The amplitude
of vibrations should be within the desired range.
The accuracy and surface finish of the parts produced by a machine tool depends upon many
factors. One of these factors is the accuracy of machine tools. Therefore, to produce parts economically
and accurately it is essential that the machine tool on which the parts are produced is accurate. An
inaccurate machine tool cannot produce accurate parts. To check how accurate a machine tool is it very
important to test the machine tool to certain accepted standards.
Geometrical tests cover the manufactured accuracy of machine tools. They are checked
on the relationship of the various elements of the machine tool when it idle and
i)Before a machine is dispatched from the manufacturer to the customer.
ii)After a new machine has been installed and leveled.
iii)When a machine has been overhauled.
iv)When a machine is not giving satisfactory performance.
i)Type of cutting tool and its condition.
iii)Cutting speed, feed and depth of cut.
iv)Material to be machined.
vi)Skill of the operator.
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