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Practical # 01

Practical # 01

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03/18/2014

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Practical No. 01
Objective: - Study the basics of CAD/CAM.
CAD (computer added drawing/ design):-

A cad system is a combination of hardware and software that enables engineers
and architects to design everything from furniture to airplanes. In edition to the
software, CAD system requires;

\u2022
A high-quality graphics monitor.
\u2022
A mouse, light pen or digitizing tablet.
\u2022
And a special printer or plotter for printing specification.
CAM (computer added manufacturing):-
CAM describes how networking system put data on the network media, how
low-level errors are dealt with, and how the network polices itself.
Polling, contention and token passing are three examples of CAM.
Acronym for computer added manufacturing, a type of computer application that
helps automate a factor. For example, the following are types of cam system,
\u2022
Real-time control
\u2022
Robots
\u2022
Materials requirements
The basics of CAD/CAM:-
\ue001In product development, computer added design (cad) automates the design
process while computer-aided manufacturing (cam) automatesthe
manufacturing of cad-generated product design.
\ue001Both system are now widely used and have transformed much of our country's
manufacturing processes. Before their advent, parts were described with
technical part prints and then manufactured using traditional machine tool and
machining processes.
\ue001The use of cad then led to the use of cam, which utilizes data from cad -
generated prints to manufacturing a part.
\ue001Because of this difference, these systems have divergent focuses. For example,
workflow and time are not important factors in cad. But cam concerned with
workflow.
Elements of CAD:-

Initially, CAD systems were simply electronic drawing boards and were more commonly called computer-aided drafting system because they only automated the drafting stage of a products design. Nowadays, cad is capable of automating most of, if not entire, design process and this can truncate design times, which will translate to lower costs, better quality and bolstered product performance.

There are two main categories of CAD -2D cad and 3D cad systems. Two- dimensional cad systems are usually little more then electronic drawing boards, providing different views of the product in various 2D planes.

In comparison, 3D CDA depicts product design in three dimensions, providing
a virtual prototype. 3D CAD software uses one of three molding methods
1. Wire frame molding.
2. Surface molding.
3. Soiled molding.

Wire frame molding shows the part shape using interconnected line elements. Surfaces molding meanwhile, depicts the outside part geometry and in so doing. Soiled molding which is the most sophisticated form of 3D molding.

Elements of CAM:-

A CAM system uses CAD-generated data to create the code needed to operate a CNC machine. CAM software facilitates the programming of machine tools. It lets users define part geometry and set machining strategies, create and

confirm tool paths, and share programming data with other shop floor
machines.
The two basics types of CAM systems are
i.
Process-oriented
ii.
Geometry-oriented.
i.)

Process-oriented CAM systems are geared towards the process part of manufacturing engineering, which includes the effective use of tooling and machine operations, advantageous tool changes and management of complex process.

Process oriented CAM system can deal with exceedingly complex processes,
but they have a relatively simple concept of geometry.
ii.)Geometry-oriented CAM systems lean toward the geometric aspects of
manufacturing engineering include complex part geometries, sizeable CAD
models and running process details through geometric conditions.
Geometry-oriented CAM system can take on very complex geometries, but
they generally have rather simple process abilities.
What is CAD/CAM?

CAD/CAM is a term, which means computer-aided design and computer-
aided manufacturing. It is the technology concerned with the use of computer to
perform certain function in design and production. This technology is moving in the
direction of greater integration of design and manufacturing.

The application of computers for design:-
The design\u2013related tasks performed by CAD system are:

\ue000Geometric molding.
\ue000 Engineering analysis.
\ue000Design review and evaluation.
\ue000Automatic drafting.
\ue000Parts classification and coding.

Fundamental reasons for implementing cad system:-
\ue001To increase the productivity of the designer.
\ue001Improve communication and a data base for manufacturing.

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