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Using Theorems to make Deductions LessonRatings: (0)|Views: 146|Likes: 0

Published by ezmoreldo

This is a lesson for high school geometry to help students recognize what geometry theorems they will need in certain problems, how to cite those theorems and then how to use those theorems to draw a new conclusion.

This is a lesson for high school geometry to help students recognize what geometry theorems they will need in certain problems, how to cite those theorems and then how to use those theorems to draw a new conclusion.

Published by: ezmoreldo on Jul 10, 2014

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/233401195/Using-Theorems-to-make-Deductions-Lesson

10/27/2014

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Name:____________________

Geometry Theorems Chapters 1-4

KEEP THIS IN YOUR NOTES FOR EVER!!!!! IT IS SUPER USEFUL

Postulate 1:

If there are two points, then there is_____________________________ that contains them.

Postulate 3:

If there are three points, then there is_____________________________ that contains them.

The Ruler Postulate:

Points on a line can be numbered so that:_____________________________________________

Distance between points can be calculated by:__________________________________________

Betweeness of Points Theorem:

If B is between points A and C then we can write the equation:

=

_____+______

Linear Pairs Theorem:

If two angles are a linear pair then they are ____________________________

Vertical Angles Theorem:

If two angles are vertical angles then they are________________________

Pythagorean Theorem:__________________________________________________________________ Substitution Property of Equality:

If two things are equal, then they can be____________________ for each other.

Transitive Property of Equality:

______________________________________________________

Addition Property of Equality:

_______________________________________________________

Subtraction Property of Equality:

_____________________________________________________

Multiplication Property of Equality:

___________________________________________________

Division Property of Equality:

________________________________________________________

Square Root Property of Equality:

____________________________________________________

Reflexive Property of Equality:

_______________________________________________________

Theorem 2.2:

If two angles are congruent and supplementary, then each is a _______________________

Theorem 2.3:

If two angles are both supplementary to a third angle, then they’re___________________

to each other.

Theorem 2.4:

If two angles are both complementary to a third angle, then they’re ___________________

to each other

Alternate Interior Angles Theorem:

Two lines are _______________ if and only if their alternate interior angles are_____________________.

Alternate Exterior Angles Theorem:

Two lines are _______________ if and only if their alternate exterior angles are_____________________.

Corresponding Angles Theorem:

Two lines are _______________ if and only if their corresponding angles are_____________________.

Same Side Interior Angles Theorem:

Two lines are _______________ if and only if their same side interior angles are_____________________.

Same Side Exterior Angles Theorem:

Two lines are _______________ if and only if their same side exterior angles are_____________________.

Transitivity of Parallel Lines Theorem:

If

∥

and

∥

then ________________

Theorem 3.8:

If

⊥

and

⊥

then _________________________

Triangle Sum Theorem:

The sum of the three interior angles of a triangle is always________________

Exterior Angle Theorem:

An exterior angle equals the ______________ of the remote interior angles.

Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles are Congruent Theorem (CPCTC Thm)

: If two triangles are congruent, then all their corresponding parts are___________________________

Third Angle Theorem:

If two triangles have two angles that are congruent, then their third angles are also __________________

Reflexive Property of Congruence:

Any figure is always __________________ to itself.

Transitive Property of Congruence:

If shape A is congruent to shape B and shape B is congruent to shape C then________________________________________________________________________

SSS Postulate:

If two triangles have all three corresponding sides congruent, then the triangles themselves are________________________________

ASA Postulate:

If two triangles have a corresponding ____________, _____________ and __________ congruent, then the triangles are congruent.

AAS Postulate:

If two triangles have a corresponding ____________, _____________ and __________ congruent, then the triangles are congruent.

SAS Postulate:

If two triangles have a corresponding ____________, _____________ and __________ congruent, then the triangles are congruent.

Some Useful Vocabulary that is also used in proofs

Bisect:

Something is cut into two _________________ pieces

Midpoint:

The point that divides a line segment into two ____________________ pieces

Right Angle:

An angle that measures_________ degrees. NOTE: ALL RIGHT ANGLES ARE CONGRUENT TO EACH OTHER!!!

Perpendicular Bisector:

A line segment that cuts another line into two congruent pieces and does it at a 90 degree angle.

Name:_____________________ Date:__________________

Classwork

(1)

Look through your list of theorems and decide which theorem justifies each conclusion below. Given:

+ 3 = 7

Conclusion

= 4

Reason:________________ Given:

∠1 = 25°

Conclusion:

∠2 = 25°

Reason:_______________ Given Line

∥

and line

∥

Conclusion:

∥

Reason:__________________ Given: Conclusion: The triangles are congruent. Reason:_________________ Given: Conclusion:

∠ = 110°

Reason:__________________ Given:

∠1

is supplementary to

∠2

and

∠2

is supplementary to

∠3

Conclusion:

∠1 = ∠3

Reason:__________________ Given: Line

⊥

and line

⊥

Conclusion:

∥

Reason:__________________ Given: Point

is between points

and

Conclusion:

+ =

Reason:__________________ Given: Ray

⃗

bisects

∠

Conclusion:

∠ = ∠

Reason:__________________ Given:

∠

is complementary to

∠

and

∠

is complementary to

∠

Conclusion:

∠ = ∠

Reason:__________________ Given:

∠1 = 45°

Conclusion:

∠2 = 135°

Reason:______________ Given: the diagram Conclusion: The triangles are congruent Reason:________ Given:

∠1 = ∠2

Conclusion:

∥

Reason:_________________ Given: The triangles are congruent Conclusion:

∠3 = ∠2

Reason:_______ Given: the diagram Conclusion:

∠ = 60

Reason:__________________ Given: A is the midpoint of CR Conclusion:

=

Reason:_________________ Given:

∥

Conclusion:

∠1 = ∠2

Reason:_________________ Given: The diagram Conclusion:

∠ = ∠

Reason:________________

4-3

Recognizing Theorems and using them in Proofs

1

2

1

2

70°

40°

75°

45°

1

2

1

2

2

3

C A R

67°

33°

67°

33°

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