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The Geodesic Dome v2

The Geodesic Dome v2

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Published by Meher124
Geodesic Dome report for NHD Competition
Geodesic Dome report for NHD Competition

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Published by: Meher124 on Nov 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/20/2012

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IntroductionDomes through History
Round structures are naturallyefficient for strength, stability, spaceutilization and energy retention. Theyare found throughout nature, even atthe molecular level.Domed shelters such as yurts, hutsand igloos havebeen in use sincepre-historic times. The earliestdomes were small and made withmaterialsfromnature,such as mud, sticks, grass andice. Through the centuries,larger domes were built usingstronger materials. Importantexamples include the Pantheonand St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.However, there was a limit to thearea that a dome could spanbefore collapsingunder its ownweight.
 
 This problem was solved withBuckminster Fuller’s invention of the
geodesic dome
,
C60 MoleculeSt. Peter's Basilica (16th Century)
 
which uses triangles to distribute the stress of the dome’sweight evenly throughout the structure. With thisbreakthrough, the potential size of domes is virtuallyunlimited.
 
Buckminster Fuller
Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) was an American architect,engineer, author, designer,inventor, educator and futurist.His work focused on creatinginexpensive, energy-savingshelters and modes of transportation, based on the ideathat every human on “SpaceshipEarth” could enjoy a higherstandard of living than ever achieved before, if we onlyuse our resources with optimum efficiency. He is mostrecognized for his innovation of the Geodesic Dome.
The Invention of the Geodesic Dome
Followingexperiments in the late1940’s, BuckminsterFuller was awarded apatent for the geodesicdome in 1954. Thegeodesic domeappealed to himbecause of its ability toenclose spaces with thegreatest volume for theleast surface area usinglightweight materials.
Buckminster Fuller

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