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Vegetable Guide

Vegetable Guide

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Published by: tripshaw on Nov 30, 2009
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is a project of the National Center for Appropriate Technologyis a project of the National Center for Appropriate Technologyis a project of the National Center for Appropriate Technologyis a project of the National Center for Appropriate Technology
By Steve Diver 
NCAT Agricultural SpecialistSeptember 2001
Table of Contents
1.0About This Resource List1.1Who Should Use This Guide1.2How to Use This Guide1.3
About the Use of Web Resources1.4
What is Sustainable Vegetable Production1.5
What is Organic Vegetable Production2.0
The Farmer's Bookshelf:2.1Publications on Sustainable VegetableProduction, Market Gardening, andCommercial Vegetable Production2.2
Specialty, Ethnic and Minor Vegetable Crops2.3
Literature on Organic Agriculture2.4
Modern Literature on Organic Farming2.5
Literature on Sustainable Agriculture2.6
Literature on Alternative Farming Systems3.0
Soil Management3.11Books & Bulletins on Soil Fertility3.12Soil Fertility Web Links3.21
Print & Video Resources on Cover Crops3.22
Cover Crop Web Links3.23
UC-SAREP Cover Crop Resources3.31Books & Bulletins on Composts andManures3.32
Web Links on Composts and Manures3.41
Books & Bulletins on Soil Organic Matter3.42Soil Organic Matter Web Links3.51Books & Bulletins on Earthworms,Microbes, and Soil Biology3.52Soil Biology Web Links4.0
IPM for Vegetables4.1Print & Video Resources on IPM4.2
IPM Web Links4.3
Print & Video Resources on Weed Controlfor Vegetables and Row Crops4.4
Weed Control Web Links4.5
Weather, Agriculture and IPM4.6
IPM Certification and Labeling4.7
IPM Databases & Search Engines4.8
ATTRA Publications Relating to PestManagement5.0Vegetable Industry Resources6.0Selected Vegetable Production Materials onthe Web7.0
Magazines & Newsletters on VegetableProduction and Market Gardening8.0
Databases & Directory Links to VegetableCrops and Associated Production Practiceson the Web9.0
Organic Farming Primer10.0
Organic Certification and Marketing11.0
Economics of Organic Vegetable Production12.0
Magazines & Newsletters on OrganicFarming and Sustainable Agriculture13.0Publishers & Book Distributors
1.0About This Resource List
In 1994, ATTRA published a 47-page informationpackage titled
Sustainable Vegetable Production
. Atthe time it was a leading information source onorganic and sustainable vegetable production.However, in 1999 Dr. Vernon Grubinger, vegetablespecialist at the University of Vermont, came outwith a comprehensive book on this subject,
Sustainable Vegetable Production From Start-Up to Market 
. With the advent of Grubinger's book—published by the Natural Resource, Agriculture, andEngineering Service (NRAES) in Ithaca, NewYork—we've discontinued the ATTRA informationpackage. We think the NRAES book does anexcellent job of providing a comprehensive andfarmer-friendly overview of sustainable vegetableproduction.In keeping with the ATTRA tradition to carve out aniche where no agricultural specialist has gonebefore, we elected to produce a resource guide of educational materials that supports the needs of organic and sustainable vegetable farmers. Thus, weoffer this title—
 Resource Guide to Organic and Sustainable Vegetable Production
 Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas
ATTRA is the national sustainable agriculture information center funded by the USDA’s Rural Business -- Cooperative Service
 ATTRA // Resource Guide to Organic & Sustainable Vegetable Production Page2222
Farmers making a transition to sustainable farmingneed information on a wide variety of topics
e.g.,legumes as a source of nitrogen, cover crops,compost, non-chemical weed control, biointensiveIPM, etc. This Guide provides a summary of some of the best
sources around.Moreover, ATTRA specialists will continue toaddress organic and sustainable production of specific vegetable crops—tomatoes, sweet corn,onions, melons, asparagus—as well ascomplementary production technologies such ascompost teas, baking soda as an alternativefungicide, disease-suppressive potting mixes, use of refractometers to measure sugar content, foliarfeeding, living mulches, flame weeding, etc.Here it should be noted that farmers raising herbs orfield-grown cut flowers face nearly identicalproduction requirements. Thus, when we talk aboutcover crops or weed control or soil management forvegetables, the same approach will work for field-grown cut flowers and herbs.
A Partial Listing of ATTRA Publications andResources Related to Vegetable Production:
Overview of Organic Crop Production
Manures for Organic Crop Production
Companion Planting: Basic Concepts &Resources
Suppliers of Organic and/or Non-GE Seeds &Plants
Organic Plug and Transplant Production
Organic Potting Mixes
Season Extension Techniques for MarketGardeners
Organic Allium Production
Organic Asparagus Production
Organic Sweet Corn Production
Organic Sweet Potato Production
Organic Tomato Production
Specialty Lettuce and Greens: OrganicProduction
Herb Overview
Sustainable Cut Flower Production
Organic Certification & The National OrganicProgram
Organic Marketing Resources
Community Supported Agriculture
Direct Marketing
Farmers’ Markets
1.1Who Should Use This Guide
Farmers and others who work in commercialagriculture
e.g., Extension specialists, NRCS, cropadvisors, teachers, and researchers. The focus isheavily oriented to practical approaches to organicand sustainable farming.
1.2How to Use This Guide
Printed literature like books and bulletins are listedfirst; these are followed by a selection of on-lineresources. In some instances, a web versioncorresponds with the book and these have beennoted.Publishers and distributors that sell the booksreviewed here are listed in a special section at theend of this resource guide. For details on sales price,shipping expenses, and ordering information, contactthe publishers.
1.3About the Use of Web Resources
The Internet has revolutionized the way informationis distributed and obtained.Whereas it used to take several weeks or months towait for a publication to arrive in the mail, with a fewmouse clicks many of these items now instantlyappear on your computer screen. Better yet, all thesearticles and bulletins are free. In addition, someitems—including many Extension Service factsheets—are available only in electronic form. Thus,some portions of this resource list are more heavilyoriented to web resources than others.If you have received this resource list but you don’thave a computer at home, please see your locallibrarian for assistance. Most rural libraries nowhave computer access.
How To Read Web Documents:
.HTMLHyper Text Markup Language; click andread online. Most common format..PDFPortable Document Format; requires AdobeAcrobat Reader to download.
 ATTRA // Resource Guide to Organic & Sustainable Vegetable Production Page3333
1.4What is Sustainable Vegetable Production
For the purpose of an introduction,
can be characterized as follows:
Sustainable agriculture is a goal rather than aspecific set of farming practices. Progress ormovement toward the goal may be viewed as acontinuum.
A sustainable farming system strives to beproductive and profitable, while at the same timepreserving environmental quality and makingefficient use of nonrenewable resources.
Sustainable agriculture is concerned about thewell-being of rural communities and the qualityof life for families and farmworkers.
Though biological practices and products arefavored over chemical inputs, pesticides andfertilizers may be used within an IPMframework.One of the quickest ways to grasp
 production practices
associated with sustainable vegetableproduction is to examine the guidelines and standardsfor integrated farming systems, such as:
Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Crop Management
Integrated Farm ManagementIn some instances, point systems are employed tocertify the adoption of recommended bestmanagement practices. For example, a grower canearn points toward “certified IPM” status for sweetcorn through the use of cover crops, crop rotations,nitrogen fertilizer applied in split application, etc.To guide decisions on ways to approach sustainablefarming, it is helpful to become knowledgeable aboutthe principles of agroecology and sustainability.Ultimately, each farmer adopts their own approach.
Resource:Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture &Agroecology
ATTRA's Related Web Links Sitehttp://www.attra.org/rel.html
1.5What is Organic Vegetable Production
In a nutshell,
organic farming
is based on thefollowing approaches and production inputs:
Strict avoidance of synthetic fertilizers andsynthetic pesticides
Crop rotations, crop residues, mulches
Animal manures and composts
Cover crops and green manures
Organic fertilizers and soil amendments
Biostimulants, humates, and seaweeds
Compost teas and herbal teas
Marine, animal, and plant by-products
Biorational, microbial, and botanical pesticides,and other natural pest control productsIn 1980, organic farming was defined by the USDAas a system that excludes the use of syntheticfertilizers, pesticides, and growth regulators.Organic certification emerged as a grassrootsproduction and marketing tool during the 1970s and1980s to ensure that foods labeled “organic” metspecified standards of production. The OrganicFoods Production Act, a section of the 1990 FarmBill, enabled the USDA to develop a nationalprogram of universal standards, certificationaccreditation, and food labeling.In April 2001, the USDA released the Final Rule of the National Organic Program. This federal lawstipulates, in considerable detail, exactly what agrower can and cannot do to produce and market aproduct as organic. Application for certificationmust be made, paperwork completed, fees paid, andannual inspections undergone. To learn more aboutthe details of the certification process, see ATTRA's
Organic Certification & National Organic Program
information packet.A companion ATTRA publication—
Overview of Organic Crop Production
—is recommended to gaina better understanding of the history, philosophy, andpractices of organic farming.
Resource:An Overview of Organic Crop Production
By George Kuepper, ATTRAhttp://www.attra.org/attra-pub/organiccrop.html

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