© July 11, 2014 Te German Marshall Fund o the United States. All rights reserved.No part o this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any orm or by any means without permission in writing rom the German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF). Please direct inquiries to:Te German Marshall Fund o the United States1744 R Street, NWWashington, DC 20009 1 202 683 2650F 1 202 265 1662E email@example.comTis publication can be downloaded or ree at www.gmus.org/publications. GMF is grateul to the U.S.-Japan Commission on the Future o the Alliance, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation, and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA or supporting this project.
GMF Paper Series
Te GMF Paper Series presents research on a variety o transatlantic topics by staﬀ, ellows, and partners o the German Marshall Fund o the United States. Te views expressed here are those o the author and do not necessarily represent the views o GMF. Comments rom readers are welcome; reply to the mailing address above or by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Te German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF) strengthens transatlantic cooperation on regional, national, and global challenges and opportunities in the spirit o the Marshall Plan. GMF does this by supporting individuals and institu-tions working in the transatlantic sphere, by convening leaders and members o the policy and business communities, by contributing research and analysis on transatlantic topics, and by providing exchange opportunities to oster renewed commitment to the transatlantic relationship. In addition, GMF supports a number o initiatives to strengthen democra-cies. Founded in 1972 as a non-partisan, non-proﬁt organization through a gif rom Germany as a permanent memorial to Marshall Plan assistance, GMF maintains a strong presence on both sides o the Atlantic. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, DC, GMF has oﬃces in Berlin, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara, Bucharest, and Warsaw. GMF also has smaller representations in Bratislava, urin, and Stockholm.On the cover: Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (right) inspects a guard o honour during his ceremonial reception at the presidential palace in New Delhi August 22, 2007. © B MAHUR/Reuters/Corbis