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ultrasonic distance meter

ultrasonic distance meter

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Published by: api-3731304 on Nov 30, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Ultrasonic Distance Meter
INTRODUCTION

In recent times ultrasonic has been applied with considerable success in various fields of Engineering and medicine. It has also found was use in light industry (e.g. toy industry) agriculture and power engineering. In fact it is difficult to find a field of industrial endeavor for which ultrasonic energy has not been tried of suggested, if not put in actual use.

Ultrasonic is the generation and detection ultrasonic vibrations (16 Kcs to 200 Mcs). In materials having plastic properties, the ultrasonic waves are of precisely the same matter as sound waves and their propagation and absorption in various media are governed by the laws which apply to sound transmission. Ultrasonic vibrations are easily propagation in most of the liquids and metals. Together will many other materials like glass, ceramics, plastic, concrete etc. but are highly attenuated in air land gases.

Govt. Poly. Washim.
Ultrasonic Distance Meter
COMPONENT LIST
RESISTORS :
1) R1
\u2192
27K
2) R2, R16
\u2192
180K
3) R3
\u2192
10K
4) R4, R5, R7, R8, R13, R14, R15 include 1/4 R20\u2192
100K
5) R6, R9
\u2192
2K
6) R10
\u2192
47K
7) R11
\u2192
18K
8) R12
\u2192
220K
9) R17
\u2192
39K
10) R18
\u2192
1M
11) R19
\u2192
1K
PRESETS :
1) P1
\u2192 25K Multiturn
2) P2
\u2192 10K Preset V
3) P3
\u2192 1M Preset H
Govt. Poly. Washim.
Ultrasonic Distance Meter
CAPACITOR :
1) C1, C8
\u2192220 nf
2) C2
\u21921 no
3) C3
\u219210 \u00b5F, 16 V
4) C4, C5, C6, C7, C9
\u2192100 nF
5) C10
\u21921 nF
6) C11
\u21925 nF
7) C12
\u2192270 pF
8) C13
\u21921 \u00b5F
9) C14
\u219215 pF
DIODES :
1) D1, D2, D3, & D4
\u2192 IN 4 1 4 8
SEMICONDUCTORS :
1) IC1
\u2192
IC4049
2) IC2
\u2192
IC4093
3) IC3
\u2192
IC4060
4) IC4
\u2192
LM324
5) IC5
\u2192
IC4030
Govt. Poly. Washim.

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