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rangkuman materi matematika
rangkuman materi matematika

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Published by: nadya mustika insani on Nov 30, 2009
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05/31/2013

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Rangkuman Matematika SMA Kelas X
December 24, 2008 by baka Filed under MathematicsLeave a Comment
Rangkuman Matematika SMA Kelas 11.
 
Pangkat Rasional, Bentuk Akar dan Logaritma
1.1.
 
Pangkat (Eksponen)Sifat-sifat pada pangkat:
 
A
m
x A
n
= A
m+n
Contoh: 7
3
x 7
8
= 7
11
 
A
m
: A
n
= A
m-n
Contoh: 7
5
: 7
3
= 7
5
 
(A x B)
n
= A
n
x B
n
Contoh: (5 x 4)
2
= 5
2
x 4
2
 
(A : B)
n
= A
n
: B
n
Contoh: (10 : 2)
3
= 10
3
:2
3
 
A
-n
=
1
/
An
Contoh: 7
-2
=
1
/
72
=
1
/
49
 
A
0
= 1 Contoh: 7
0
= 1
 
A
1/n
=
n
√ 
A Contoh: 8
1/3
=
3
√ 
8 =2
 
A
m/n
=
n
√ 
A
m
Contoh: 6
2/3
=
3
√ 
6
2
 1.2.
 
Operasi Bentuk Akar 
 
m
√ 
A + n
√ 
A = (m+n)
√ 
A Contoh: 2
√ 
8 + 1
√ 
A = (2+1)
√ 
8 = 3
√ 
8
 
m
√ 
A - n
√ 
A = (m-n)
√ 
A Contoh: 5
√ 
8 - 2
√ 
8 = (5-2)
√ 
8 = 3
√ 
8
 
√ 
A x
√ 
B =
√ 
AB Contoh:
√ 
5 x
√ 
6 =
√ 
30
 
m
√ 
A x n
√ 
B = mn
√ 
AB Contoh: 2
√ 
5 x 3
√ 
6 = 6
√ 
30
 
A = A x
√ 
B
 √ 
B
√ 
B
√ 
B
 
 
A = A x
√ 
B-
√ 
C
√ 
B+
√ 
C
√ 
B+
√ 
C
√ 
B-
√ 
C
 
A = A x
√ 
B+
√ 
C
√ 
B-
√ 
C
√ 
B-
√ 
C
√ 
B+
√ 
C1.3.
 
LogaritmaSifat-sifat logaritma:
 
a
log b = log blog a
 
a
log b = 1
 b
log a
 
a
log b.
b
log c =
a
log c
 
a
log b +
a
log c =
a
log (b.c)
 
a
log b -
a
log c =
a
log (
 b
/
c
)
 
a
log b
n
= n.
a
log b
 
a.
a
log b = bPersamaan Logaritma:
a
log f(x) =
a
log p
f(x) = p
a
log f(x) =
a
log g(x)
f(x) = g(x), dengan syarat f(x) dan g(x) > 0.
2.
 
Fungsi Persamaan Kuadrat
2.1.
 
Menentukan Akar Persamaan Kuadrat
 
Memfaktorkan
 
Melengkapkan kuadrat sempurna
 
Menggunakan rumusContoh: Tentukanlah akar-akar dari x
2
– 3x + 2 = 0
 
Jawab:1.
 
Pemfaktoranx
2
– 3x + 2 = 0(x - 2)(x – 1)=0x
1
= 2; x
2
= 12.
 
Melengkapkan kuadrat sempurnax
2
– 3x + 2 = 0x
2
- 3x = -2x(x – 3) = -2x
1
= 2; x – 3 = -2x = 3 + (-2)x
2
= 13.
 
Rumusx
1.2
= -b
±√ 
b
2
– 4ac2ax
1.2
= -( -3)
±
 
√ 
(-3)
2
– 4(1)(2)2(1)= 3
±
 
√ 
9 – 82x
1
= 3+1 = 2 x
2
= 3-1 = 12 2
2.2.
 
Jenis Akar Persamaan KuadratD = b
2
– 4acD > 0, maka kedua akarnya real dan berbeda

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