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rangkuman materi matematika
rangkuman materi matematika

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05/31/2013

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Rangkuman Matematika SMA Kelas X
Rangkuman Matematika SMA Kelas 11.

Pangkat Rasional, Bentuk Akar dan Logaritma
1.1.

A
m
x A
n
= A
m+n
Contoh: 7
3
x 7
8
= 7
11

A
m
: A
n
= A
m-n
Contoh: 7
5
: 7
3
= 7
5

(A x B)
n
= A
n
x B
n
Contoh: (5 x 4)
2
= 5
2
x 4
2

(A : B)
n
= A
n
: B
n
Contoh: (10 : 2)
3
= 10
3
:2
3

A
-n
=
1
/
An
Contoh: 7
-2
=
1
/
72
=
1
/
49

A
0
= 1 Contoh: 7
0
= 1

A
1/n
=
n
√
A Contoh: 8
1/3
=
3
√
8 =2

A
m/n
=
n
√
A
m
Contoh: 6
2/3
=
3
√
6
2
1.2.

Operasi Bentuk Akar

m
√
A + n
√
A = (m+n)
√
A Contoh: 2
√
8 + 1
√
A = (2+1)
√
8 = 3
√
8

m
√
A - n
√
A = (m-n)
√
A Contoh: 5
√
8 - 2
√
8 = (5-2)
√
8 = 3
√
8

√
A x
√
B =
√
AB Contoh:
√
5 x
√
6 =
√
30

m
√
A x n
√
B = mn
√
AB Contoh: 2
√
5 x 3
√
6 = 6
√
30

A = A x
√
B
√
B
√
B
√
B

A = A x
√
B-
√
C
√
B+
√
C
√
B+
√
C
√
B-
√
C

A = A x
√
B+
√
C
√
B-
√
C
√
B-
√
C
√
B+
√
C1.3.

LogaritmaSifat-sifat logaritma:

a
log b = log blog a

a
log b = 1
b
log a

a
log b.
b
log c =
a
log c

a
log b +
a
log c =
a
log (b.c)

a
log b -
a
log c =
a
log (
b
/
c
)

a
log b
n
= n.
a
log b

a.
a
log b = bPersamaan Logaritma:
a
log f(x) =
a
log p
f(x) = p
a
log f(x) =
a
log g(x)
f(x) = g(x), dengan syarat f(x) dan g(x) > 0.
2.

2.1.

Memfaktorkan

Menggunakan rumusContoh: Tentukanlah akar-akar dari x
2
– 3x + 2 = 0

Jawab:1.

Pemfaktoranx
2
– 3x + 2 = 0(x - 2)(x – 1)=0x
1
= 2; x
2
= 12.

2
– 3x + 2 = 0x
2
- 3x = -2x(x – 3) = -2x
1
= 2; x – 3 = -2x = 3 + (-2)x
2
= 13.

Rumusx
1.2
= -b
±√
b
2
– 4ac2ax
1.2
= -( -3)
±

√
(-3)
2
– 4(1)(2)2(1)= 3
±

√
9 – 82x
1
= 3+1 = 2 x
2
= 3-1 = 12 2
2.2.

Jenis Akar Persamaan KuadratD = b
2
– 4acD > 0, maka kedua akarnya real dan berbeda