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ultrasonic proximity detector

ultrasonic proximity detector

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Published by api-3731304

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Published by: api-3731304 on Nov 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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CIRCUIT
IDEAS
90
FEBRUARY 2006
 
ELECTRONICS FOR YOU
WWW.EFYMAG.COM
T
his ultrasonic proximity detec-tor comprising independent, battery-powered transmitterand receiver sections makes useof a pair of matched ultrasonicpiezoceramic transducers operating ataround 40 kHz each. This circuit can be used in exhibitions to switch on pre-recorded audio/video messages auto-matically when a visitor evincing in-
S.C. D WI VEDI
EFY LAB
ULTRASONIC PROXIMITY DETECTOR
terest in a product comes near an ex-hibited product.Fig. 1 shows the transmitter circuit.It comprises CMOS timer IC 7555 (IC1)configured as an astable multivibrator,which may be tuned to the frequencyof the ultrasonic piezoceramictransmitter’s resonant frequency ofaround 40 kHz using preset VR1. Acomplementary pair of transistors T1and T2 is used for driving and buffer-ing the transducer while it drawsspikes of current from IC1 circuit tosustain oscillations and thereby avoidsany damage.The receiver front-end (referFig. 2) is designed to provide a veryhigh gain for the reflected faintultrasonic frequency signals detected by the ultrasonic transducer. The am-plifiers built around N1 and N2, re-spectively, provide AC voltage gainof around 80 each. These two stagesshould have a high open-circuit gain,
Fig. 1: Transmitter circuit Fig. 2: Receiver circuit Fig. 3: Pin configurations of transistors BC327 and BC337 Fig. 4: Installation of transducer pair 
wide bandwidth and very low biascurrent apart from being capable ofsingle-supply operation. Quad op-ampLM324 is used here due to its lowcost. For higher efficiency, you mayuse single op-amps such as CA3130or CA3140.When a visitor pauses before aproduct, it signifies his interest.Switching diode D1 followed by a fil-ter comprising capacitor C5 and re-sistor R10 is used to meetthis requirement. The fil-ter also helps to bypass brief bursts of ambientnoise in the ultrasonicrange. The third stage comprising N3works as a comparator to provide atriggering pulse when a visitor stops by. This pulse can be used to trigger

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