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Campaign2 Unit 5 Teachers Book

Campaign2 Unit 5 Teachers Book

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61The 3d ACR
Combined Arms
The term
combined arms
refers to military formations which join different arms categories – such as infantry, tank,artillery, and air support – into a single unit, like aregiment or battalion. Such an organisation may be apermanent structure, such as with the US Army’s 3dArmored Cavalry Regiment (3d ACR), or a temporaryarrangement designed for a specific mission, such as whena tank company is attached to an infantry battalion.Combined arms units are different from segregated units,which are primarily comprised of one arms type in orderto provide greater concentration of force. Acombined arms unit has both great flexibility and theability to act independently of other combat units. Thisallows it to respond in a rapid, coordinated manner to awide range of battlefield needs. For example, a combinedarms unit may be able to carry out its own intelligence andreconnaissance, plan its own logistical support, andexecute its own battle and defence plans, while providingits own air and artillery support – all under a singlecoordinated command. We will look at a specific examplein a moment, but first it will help to look at a couple of new terms.
Terminology in the US Cavalry
In Unit 2, we looked at some typical groupings and namesfor military formations. But the terminology for militaryformations varies widely depending on the branch andcountry. The US Army Cavalry, for example, uses thefollowing terms:
typically composed of four or five squadrons;the equivalent of a normal brigade
typically composed of four or five troops; theequivalent of a normal battalion
the equivalent of a normal company.Also notice these spelling differences:UK: armoured US: armored.
Armoured Cavalry versus Mechanized Infantry
As an example of the difference in combined andsegregated arms units, we can look at the differences andsimilarities between an armoured cavalry regiment and amechanized infantry brigade. Both units use armouredpersonnel carriers for troop transport, and both have main battle tanks. But the armoured cavalry regiment isintegrated down to the troop level, with a typicalarmoured cavalry troop containing two tank platoons, twoinfantry platoons, a mortar platoon, and a headquartersplatoon. The armoured cavalry regiment also has its ownair support squadron. Atypical mechanized infantry brigade, on the other hand, has two or three mechanizedinfantry battalions, one armoured battalion, and varioussupport squadrons, each of which is a much moresegregated unit. The mechanized infantry brigade usuallydoes not have its own air support, which is insteadsupplied by a separate regiment in the division.The integration of an armoured cavalry squadron allows itto act independently, and often more rapidly, than atraditional segregated battalion, which must rely onsupport from its parent brigade. This means, for example,that armoured cavalry may be used more easily as anadvance attack force, while mechanized infantry may beconcentrated where fighting is heaviest.
3d Armored Cavalry Regiment (
Brave Rifles 
To look at a particular example, the 3d ACR is made up of three armoured cavalry squadrons, one aviation squadron,and a support squadron, as follows (code names are initalics):1st (
) Squadron (armoured cavalry squadron)2nd (
) Squadron (armoured cavalry squadron)3rd (
) Squadron (armoured cavalry squadron)4th (
Long Knife
) Squadron (aviation squadron)Support (
 Mule Skinner
) Squadron
Armoured Cavalry Squadron
Atypical Armoured Cavalry Squadron is made up asfollows:Headquarters TroopThree Cavalry TroopsTank CompanyArtillery (Howitzer) Battery (roughly company size)Attachments (an additional company, such as artillery,engineers, intelligence, or medical).
 The 3d ACR
62The 3d ACR
ReadingTask 2
Ask students to read the text and answer the questions.You may like to pre-teach:
cavalry, to see action, settlers,trench, barbed wire, to convert, to redesignate
. Practise thepronunciation of any new vocabulary with the class andcheck that the meaning is clear to students.
Regimental history
Task 1
Ask students to match the words with the definitionsprovided. Then practise the pronunciation of the newvocabulary with the class. Check that the meaning is clearto students.
WritingTask 4
Invite a student to talk about the history of a unit in theirarmy. Have them include the following:1 when the unit was founded2 major wars and important battles3 any changes in the unit’s role and/or equipment.Write the answers in note form on the board and inviteother students to ask questions. Now ask all students to write about the history of a unit intheir army using the notes on the board as a model.
Task 5
Focus attention on the pictures of the vehicles andweapons and ask students to complete the names in thespaces provided. Practise the pronunciation of the newvocabulary and abbreviations with the class. Check thatthe meaning is clear to students.Answers1 uprising2 engagement3 rebel4 outbreak 5 suppressAnswers1 During the Mexican War of 18472 Due to the use of trenches, barbed wire, gas andmachine guns.3 Soon after the outbreak of WW2.4 It was stationed in Germany, providing rear areasecurity for the 7th US Army and patrolling theEast/West German border.5 5 (Mexican War, American Civil War, WW1, WW2,Vietnam War)
Focus attention on the World English box and review withthe class. Note: use of 2d and 2nd to refer to army units inthe US varies from regiment to regiment. Ask students toprovide more examples of well-known regiments/battalions.
during, while 
Task 3
Go over the examples with the class. Point out that we use
+ noun to say when something happens;
+ a period of time to say how long something goes on; and
+ subject + verb to refer to a specific period of time.You may like to give students further examples of each of the above, or elicit examples from the class.Now ask students to complete the text using
during, while
.Answers1 for2 While3 During4 while5 for/duringAnswers1 attack helicopter2 transport helicopter 3 scout helicopter4 main battle tank (MBT)5 self-propelled howitzer (SPH)6 cavalry fighting vehicle (CFV)
Task 6
Ask students to read the text and match the units with thevehicles and aircraft in task 5.Answers1 M3A2ODS Bradley CFVs, M109A6 Paladinhowitzers2 AH-64AApaches, UH-60LBlackhawks, OH-58DKiowa Warriors You may wish to practise the pronunciation of the abovevehicles and aircraft to give students practice in combiningletters, numbers, abbreviations and proper nouns. Elicitfurther examples from students.Ask students to read the text again and find words that fitthe definitions provided.
63The 3d ACR
PronunciationOrdinal numbersTask 7
Write the numbers 1–20 on the board and briefly reviewthe pronunciation of ordinal numbers with class. Write afurther selection of two-digit numbers from 21–99 on the board and elicit their ordinal forms. Practise thepronunciation both individually and in chorus.Write a selection of 3 digit numbers on the board andinstruct students to listen carefully to the pronunciation of the sound of the unaccented form of
in connectedspeech. Practise this with a number of examples.Ask students to listen to the recording and to write theunits. Play track 1 (CD 2).Ask the class to listen again and repeat what they hear.Play track 1 (CD2) again.
Task 7
New duty station
Task 1
Ask students to read the directions and draw the route onthe map.Answers1 full strength2 squadron3 birds4 asset1 the 3d Armored Regiment2 The 502d Infantry Brigade forms part of the 101stAirborne Division.3 The 307th Engineer Battalion is based at Fort Bragg.
Task 8
Put students in pairs. Student Aturns to File 6 anddescribes the unit using the picture prompts. Student Bmakes notes.You may wish to bring students’ attention to the fact thatseveral of the Aero Scout Troops can be grouped togetherin a single description as they have the same types andnumber of helicopters.
Academy Blvd.DrennanRd.O'ConnelNelson
W  i  k  r   B  l  v  d  .
B            S           t          r        e        e        t          
West MeadowFt. CarsonFt. CarsonGate 2Ft. CarsonGate 4Ft. Carson Gate 3Ft. CarsonGate 1
    A   c   a    d   e   m   y    B    l   v    d .    N   e   v   a    d   a    A   v   e .    C    h    i    l   e   s    A   v   e .    S   p   e   c    k   e   r    A   v   e .
ListeningTask 2
Inform students they are going to hear a conversation thattakes place at the Gate Guard Shack at Fort Carson. Ask students to read through the questions and answerthem. Play track 2.You may like to pre-teach:
to process in, in-processing (n)(US), to in-process (US), to head, to have a look at.
Answers1 orders, military ID card, car registration2 yes3 Housing areas 20 mphAll other areas – 30 mphPassing troops – 10 mphAsk students to listen again and mark the location of theWelcome Center on the map. Play track 2.AnswersThe Welcome Center is no. 1 on the map.
Suggested Answer
Headquarters and Headquarters Troop is equippedwith six (UH-60L) Blackhawk transport helicopters andone (OH-58D) Kiowa Warrior scout helicopter.‘M’, ‘N’ and ‘O’ Aero Scout Troops are each equippedwith four (AH-64A) Apache attack helicopters and six(OH-58D) Kiowa Warrior scout helicopters.‘P’ and ‘Q’ Aero Scout Troops are each equipped withseven (AH-64A) Apache attack helicopters and four(OH-58D) Kiowa Warrior scout helicopters.‘R’ Aero Scout Troop is equipped with 15 (UH-60L)Blackhawk transport helicopters.

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