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indian capital markets

indian capital markets

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Published by Vivek

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Published by: Vivek on Nov 30, 2009
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07/12/2013

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INTRODUCTIONTOCAPITALMARKET
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, AHMEDABAD.Page 1
 
INDIAN CAPITAL MARKET
INTRODUCTION:
Every business unit needs money to finance its activities. The moneyis invested in physical resources, i.e. land and building, machines andequipment, stock of raw material, etc., which are used by the enterprise inproduction. All these resources together constitute ‘capital’. Capital isoften defined as “wealth used in the production of further wealth.”A business enterprise can raise capital from various sources. Long-term funds can be raised either through issue of securities or by borrowingfrom certain institutions. Short term funds can also be borrowed fromvarious agencies. Thus business units can raise capital from issue of securities and borrowings (long-term and short-term). In addition tobusiness units, public corporations and government are the other majorborrowers of funds. The lenders of funds include the individual investors(the household sector), the institutional investors, banks, and specialindustrial financing institutions. The borrowers and lenders broughttogether through financial markets. The term financial market”
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, AHMEDABAD.Page 2
 
INDIAN CAPITAL MARKET
collectively refers to all those organizations and institutions which lendfunds to business enterprise and public authorities. It is composed of twoconstituents – the money market and the capital market. While the formerdeals with the provision of short-term credit, the latter deals with the grantof medium-term and long-term credit.
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, AHMEDABAD.Page 3

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