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Status of Water Supply, Sanitation and Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas Part-1

Status of Water Supply, Sanitation and Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas Part-1

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Published by: ankitramesh9045 on Nov 30, 2009
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04/11/2013

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Status of Water Supply, Sanitationand Solid Waste Managementin Urban Areas
Sponsored byCentral Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation(CPHEEO)Ministry of Urban DevelopmentGovernment of India
 National Institute of Urban Affairs1
st
& 2
nd
Floor, Core 4B, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi – 110 003June 2005
 
ii
PROJECT TEAM
Project Coordinator: Usha P. RaghupathiResearch Assistance: Anjali PancholyViraj SrivastavM. AhmedAjay NigamSpecial Assistance: Dr. Kusum LataEDP Assistance: Sangeeta VijhT. C. SharmaPhotocopying Assistance: H.P. PandeyM. Usman Khan
 
iii
Preface
The urban population of India is growing rapidly and exerting considerable pressure on urbanservices. It is evident that urban infrastructure has been unable to keep pace with the growing population. A great challenge for Indian cities is to make cities livable by providing everycitizen with basic servies of acceptable quality. Urban local governments are the institutionswhich are entrused with the task of providing these basic services but they are often strapped of funds and unable to discharge their duties satisfactorily. In order to understand what needs to be done to improve the provision of basic services, we need to know the level of provision of these services. It is for this reason the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India,commissioned a study to assess the Status of Water Supply, Sanitation and Solid WasteManagement in Urban Areas of the country.The main objective of the present study is to assess the status of water supply, sanitation andsolid waste management in 300 selected cities and towns and to estimate the requirement of funds for full coverage of population by these services in the urban areas of the country. Thestudy is based on a detailed survey of the agencies responsible for the provision, operations andmanagement of these services in the selected cities and towns including all the metropolitancities in the country. The study, commissioned in 1999, took about two years to complete.However, due to a number of reasons the study took unusually long to be brought to its finalform.We would like to thank the Ministry of Urban Development and CPHEEO for entrusting thisstudy to NIUA. We are especially thankful to the then Secretary, Department of PovertyAlleviation, in the Ministry, Shri S.S.Chattopadhyay, for assigning this study to us. Dr. S.R.Shukla, Mr. V.B. Ramaprasad (Former Advisers, PHE), Mr. Sethuraman (present Jt.Adviser,PHEE), Mr. B.B. Uppal, Mr. Sankara Narayanan and Mr. Sukanta Kar of CPHEEO providedtheir full support throughout the study and gave their valuable comments, which have greatlyhelped bring this report to its final shape.The data from local governments and other line agencies were collected by engaging a number of regional institutes, viz. Centre for Research for Rural and Industrial Development(Chandigarh), ORG-MARG (Vadodra), National Centre for Human Settlements andEnvironment (Bhopal) and Institute of Local Government & Urban Studies (Calcutta) and

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