Handbook of Occupational Groups and Families May 2009
U.S. Office of Personnel Management
The Handbook of Occupational Groups and Families provides agencies with a starting point toclassify positions. For additional information, please refer to the
The Handbook of Occupational Groups and Families is divided into two parts:
PART I White Collar Occupational Series
Defines occupations and lists the series names and codes used inclassifying white collar jobs in the Federal Government. Previouseditions of this document referred to these occupations as “GeneralSchedule System Occupations.”
PART II Trade, Craft, or Labor Occupational Series
Defines occupations and lists the occupation names and codes used inclassifying trade, craft or labor jobs in the Federal Government.Previous editions of this document referred to these occupations as“Federal Wage System Occupations.”
Classification standards are issued by OPM to relate the grade level definitionsin title 5 to specific work situations and thereby provide the basis for assigningto each position the appropriate title, series, and grade. (Source:
, TS-134, July 1995)
Federal Wage System
5 U.S.C. 5102 (c)(7) exempts from coverage under the General Schedule those“employees in recognized trades or crafts, or other skilled mechanical crafts, orin unskilled, semi-skilled, or skilled manual-labor occupations, and otheremployees including foremen and supervisors in positions having trade, craft,or laboring experience and knowledge as the paramount requirement.” Suchpositions are covered by the Federal Wage System.
Flysheets provide some information about a series and may suggest standardsand guides to use for determining grade levels under the General Schedule orFederal Wage System, but include no grade level criteria.
Functional Guide andStandards
Functional guides and functional standards are used to determine the grade of broad categories of Federal work classified under the General Schedule (GS)Classification System and the Federal Wage System (FWS), respectively.