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Chapter 19: Thermal Properties

Chapter 19: Thermal Properties

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Published by zikri rizki
magnetik
magnetik

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: zikri rizki on Nov 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/16/2012

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Chapter 19 -1
ISSUES TO ADDRESS...
How does a material respond to heat
?
How do we define and measure...
-- heat capacity-- coefficient of thermal expansion-- thermal conductivity-- thermal shock resistance
How do ceramics, metals, and polymers rank?
Chapter 19:Thermal Properties
 
Chapter 19 -2
General:
The ability of a material to absorb heat.
• Quantitative:
The energy required to increase thetemperature of the material.
heat capacity(J/mol-K)energy input (J/mol)temperature change (K)
Heat Capacity
Two ways to measure heat capacity:
 p
: Heat capacity at constant pressure.
: Heat capacity at constant volume.
 p
 
>
• Specific heat has typical units of 
KkgJ
dT dQ
=
+ C
v
Solid state physics MA Wahab, hal. 300)
 
Chapter 19 -3
Heat capacity...
-- increases with temperature-- reaches a limiting value of 3
Atomic view:
-- Energy is stored as atomic vibrations.-- As
goes up, so does the avg. energy of atomic vibr.
Heat Capacity vs
Adapted from Fig. 19.2,
Callister 7e
.
gas constant
 
3
= 8.31 J/mol-K
 
= constantDebye temperature(usually less than
room)
(K)
θ
D
00

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