The following terminology will be used in this study and is based upon the Hebrew origins of
the Scripture and will open up a bit of depth in our understanding of certain aspects of the
Word, which is lost through our English translations of the Bible.
a Greek mis-transliteration. The word "JESUS" had not been "discovered" until
around 1530 CE. The Emperor Constantine even mistook Jesus for Apollo, the son of
the Greek god Zeus. The name Jesus comes from the Latin word \u201cIosus\u201dI\ue000 s o\u00fbs, that
is very close to the name of the Greek deity of healing - Ieusus (which is a variant
defined as \u201cmissing the mark\u201d. Paul refers to the Torah as the \u201cknowledge of sin\u201d and
this is why. The concept of water is also found in the \u201cNew Testament\u201d where the
Word is referred to as water (Eph 5:26). To wash yourself with the water of the Word
(Torah) is to cleanse yourself from sin which is defined in the Torah (first five books of
the Bible). This helps us not to miss the mark or to sin, but to live a holy righteous life
unto Him. (2 Tim 3:16)
A pastor once asked a rabbi, \u201cWhat do you believe heaven is like?\u201d The rabbi
responded, \u201cWhere the righteous dwell for eternity, and study Torah all day long,
without ever having need to stop for sleeping or eating or anything.\u201d The pastor then
asked, \u201cAnd what do you believe hell will be like?\u201d The rabbi responded, \u201cThe
wicked will have to study Torah all day long, without being able to stop to rest or
drink or anything.\u201d
Y\u2019shua said that all of the law and prophets hang on these two commandments: Love
Yahweh your Elohim and your neighbour as yourself. The first five of the Ten
Commandments show how we are to love YHVH. The last five show how we are to
love our neighbour. Observing Sabbath, the fourth commandment, is a part of loving
YHVH, according to Messiah\u2019s own words.
The faith that is a gift of YHVH
(Ephesians 2:8) produces action, for
faith without works is dead (James
2:20, 26). The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5) indicate the
nature of actions that are the fruit of faith: "\ue000\ue001\ue002\ue003\ue004\ue005\ue006\ue007\ue006\ue008\ue009\ue00a\ue004\ue009\ue00b\ue005\ue003\ue009\ue005\ue00c\ue009\ue00c\ue002\ue00a\ue003\ue001" (Romans
14:23), is \u201c\ue003\ue001\ue006\ue009\ue003\ue008\ue002\ue00b\ue004\ue00d\ue008\ue006\ue004\ue004\ue00a\ue005\ue00b\ue009\ue005\ue00c\ue009\ue003\ue001\ue006\ue009\ue00e\ue002\ue000\u201d (I John 3:4), these two statements being
synonymous definitions of sin. The commandments are the centre of our faith.
4. The fourth commandment, as stated in Exodus, tells us to \u201cremember the Sabbath, to keep it separate\u201d as the fruit of believing that He created the world in six days, and blessed the seventh day and made it separate.
Thus the Sabbath is an eternal memorial of YHVH as the creator. The fourth
commandment, as stated in Deuteronomy, tells us to \u201cobserve the Sabbath
Day and keep it separate,\u201d in remembrance of our deliverance from Egypt.
This is a memorial of YHVH who is involved in the affairs of men, Elohim
who created with purpose. On this day we are told to abstain from common
labour: to rest.
Adam should not have needed to rest immediately after being created on the sixth
day. So why then are various categories of work forbidden on Sabbath? Primarily
because the Sabbath is to be kept holy or set-apart. That means that it is a day to set
aside for the worship of our Creator and Savoir, set aside from our usual weekly
labours. Work on the Sabbath should basically be limited to worship activities, and
not with things that are necessary to sustain physical life \u2013 such as preparation of
food for example. The first six days of the week are for preparation for worship on the
Sabbath, Sabbath being the goal of the week. YHVH rested from creating on the
Seventh Day. So we are to rest from using our creative intelligence and skill.
YHVH finished His creation on the Seventh Day (Genesis 2:2). On the Seventh Day
He created rest. YHVH does not change. Therefore, serenity and tranquillity are an
imitation of His attributes. On the Seventh Day, YHVH added tranquillity and
harmony to the world. It was no longer in the process of change, and so partook of
YHVH's serenity, and became \u201cHoly and Blessed\u201d.
A major Sabbath mitzvah (commandment) is rest - not doing. All other mitzvot
require our efforts to be holy. In reserving the Sabbath for worship, when we rest, it is
YHVH that makes us holy: \u201c0\ue002\ue015\ue004\ue00f\ue00b\ue018\ue013\ue013\ue004\ue01e\ue00c\ue00c\ue012\ue004\ue01a\ue019\ue0042\ue018\ue014\ue014\ue018\ue00d\ue00b\ue00f\ue004*\ue004*\ue004*\ue004\ue00d\ue00b\ue018\ue00d\ue004\ue019\ue002\ue015\ue004\ue01d\ue018\ue019\ue004
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