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Bovine Journal Summaries

Bovine Journal Summaries

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Published by vetpathforum
Journal of Comparative Pathology 2008-2009 Bovine Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder in a Cow Associated with Bovine Papillomavirus Type-2 (First report of such tumor in animals)- Multifocal mucosal
nodules and hemorrhage. Lymphoepithelioma carcinomas are recognized by syncytial cells and Cytokeratin +, with prominent lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltrates. Brakcen fern and BPV-2 act in concert to produce neoplasms in the bladder including papillary carcinomas and carcinoma
Journal of Comparative Pathology 2008-2009 Bovine Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder in a Cow Associated with Bovine Papillomavirus Type-2 (First report of such tumor in animals)- Multifocal mucosal
nodules and hemorrhage. Lymphoepithelioma carcinomas are recognized by syncytial cells and Cytokeratin +, with prominent lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltrates. Brakcen fern and BPV-2 act in concert to produce neoplasms in the bladder including papillary carcinomas and carcinoma

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Journal of Comparative Pathology 2008-2009Bovine
Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder in a Cow Associatedwith Bovine Papillomavirus Type-2
(First report of such tumor in animals)
-
Multifocal mucosalnodules and hemorrhage. Lymphoepithelioma carcinomas are recognized by syncytial cells andCytokeratin +, with prominent lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltrates. Brakcen fern and BPV-2 act inconcert to produce neoplasms in the bladder including papillary carcinomas and carcinoma in situ as wellas the title neoplasm.
Contact dermatitis in dairy cattle caused by calcium cyanamide. Calcium cyanimidein antibacterial in foot baths.
Gross Lesions- multifocal alopecia, crusting, allergicdermatitic, contact dermatitis. Acanthosis, necrosis, eosinophils, neutrophils, vesicles.May cause granulomatous lymphadenitis similar to hairy vetch toxicosis.
Outbreak of Salmonella Thompson infection in a Swedish dairy herd
During screening, S. Typhimurium
 
was isolated in dairy cattle, and S. Thompson in heifers in pasture. Treatment cleared Typhimurium, and decreased Thompson until prevalence increased incows released to pasture. First record of Thompson in dairy cattle. Herd slaughtered to eradicateinfection. Origin unknown.
Isolation of Porphyromonas levii from vaginal samples from cows in herds negativefor bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV):
This pigmented Gram negative bacteriumis part of ruminal microflora and associated with BNVV. The disease is chr bydeterioration of normal vaginal injuries caused by calving to necrotic lesions, primarily indairy heifers during the first week after calving. According to this paper P levii wasisolated in Heifers without BNVV.
Encephalomyelitis of Cattle Caused by Akabane Virus in Southern Japan in 2006.
 J. Comp. Path. 2009, Vol. 140, 187e193.
Limb weakness and circling. MicroscopicHistologic lesions- Cerebrum non-suppurative
encephalitis with perivascular cuffing
of lymphocytes and macrophages and diffuse gliosis. Brainstem-
Necrosis of neurons withvacuolation of the neuropil
was present in the brainstem. Neuronal
necrosis andneuronophagia
in the
ventral horn of the spinal cord.
Infection was believed post- partum due to the lack of arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly.
Expression of Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Molecules in ChronicPulmonary Mycoplasma bovis Infection in Cattle
.
 J. Comp. Path. 2009, Vol. 140,198e202.
Pulmonary inflammation often results in expression of the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) by both professional antigen-presenting cells(APCs; histiocytes and lymphocytes) and non-professional APCs (respiratory epitheliumand endothelium). In M. bovis infections causing necrosuppurative lesions, there islittle MHC II expression, but in cases of catarrhal bronchointerstitial pneumonia, theMHC II expression was significantly increased.
Pathological, Immunohistochemical and Bacteriological Study of Tissues and Milk of Cowsand Fetuses Experimentally Infected with Brucella abortus
J. Comp. Path. 2009, Vol. 140, 149e157
 
This report describes a pathological, immunohistochemical and bacteriological study of 42 cowsand their progeny (aborted fetuses, weak premature calves, and healthy full-term calves) infectedat 6-7 months of gestation by conjunctival inoculation with Brucella abortus. The most significantlesions were necrotizing and suppurative placentitis and lymphohistiocytic mastitis in cows, andfibrinous pleuritis, fibrinous pericarditis and bronchopneumonia in aborted fetuses. B. abortuswas isolated more frequently from milk samples than from mammary tissues, and milk samplesfrom cows with mastitis were often infected.
Nephrotic syndrome due to glomerulopathy in an Irish dairy cow
February 7, 2009 | the
VETERINARY
RECORD Nephrotic syndrome, a clinical entity characterised by proteinuria, hypoalbuminaemia, oedemaand hypercholesterolaemia, results from increased glomerular permeability due to glomerular injury. In cattle, nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by renal amyloidosis and rarely byglomerulopathy.
Unusual presentation of malignant catarrhal fever involving neurological disease in youngcalves
the
VETERINARY
RECORD | February 21, 2009The most common clinical manifestation of bovine MCF is the head and eye form, which ischaracterised by a persistent high fever, bilateral corneal opacity, ocular discharge, profusemucopurulent nasal discharge, ulcerative stomatitis, enlargement of the lymph nodes andhaematuria.
TABLE 1: Histological findings in four calves with sheep-associated malignant catarrhalfever
2: Moderate angiocentric, non-suppurative meningoencephalitis3: CNS histopathology as described in calf 2Cerebellar fibrinous and non-suppurative meningitisMarked lymphoplasmacytic portal hepatitis4: CNS histopathology as described in calf 2Marked interstitial nephritis and lymphoplasmacytic cystitisModerate portal hepatitis and mild myocarditis5: Angiocentric lymphocytic meningitis and panencephalitisSubacute renal necrotising arteritis and marked lymphocytic perivascular interstitital nephritisLymphoplasmacytic cystitis with intraepithelial lymphocytesMild lymphocytic portal hepatitis
Molecular and antigenic characterization of a
 Mycoplasma bovis
strain causing anoutbreak of infectious keratoconjunctiv.
J Vet Diagn Invest 18:41–51 (2006). Anunusually high incidence of infectious keratoconjunctivitis followed by pneumonia andarthritis was observed in beef calves of a managed herd. No
Moraxella
spp. or bacteriaother than
Mycoplasma
spp. were obtained from conjunctival and nasal swabs.
Histochemical and immunohistochemical evidence of a bacterium associated withesions of epizootic bovine abortion.
J Vet Diagn Invest 18:76–80 (2006)
:
Epizootic bovine abortion (EBA), a tick-transmitted disease resulting in late-term abortion or  premature calving. The etiologic agent is susceptible to antibiotics and identification of a
unique 16S deltaproteobacterial rDNA
gene sequence in
90% of thymus tissues
fromaborted fetuses have supported the role of a bacterial infection as the cause of EBA. Amodified Steiner silver stain revealed small numbers of 
intracytoplasmic bacterial rods
.I
mmunohistochemical
staining was positive for histiocytic cells in the thymus and inmany organs with inflammatory lesions.
 
A devastating outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever in a bison feedlot.
J Vet DiagnInvest 18:119–123 (2006). Diagnosis was made by detection of ovine herpesvirus 2(sheep-associated MCF irus) DNA in tissues or peripheral blood by polymerase chainreaction (PCR), and by histological examination of tissue lesions. Greater susceptibilityof bison than beef cattle to MCF, and the lack of horizontal transmission from clinicallyaffected bison to herdmates.
Naturally occurring
 Mycoplasma bovis
 –associated pneumonia and polyarthritis infeedlot beef calves.
J Vet Diagn Invest 18:29–40 (2006). Cranioventral bronchopneumonia with multiple foci of caseous necrosis.
Mycoplasma bovis
wasconsistently identified in these lesions, but also commonly in healthy lungs and thosewith pneumonia of other causes. Focal lesions of coagulation necrosis, typical of  pneumonic pasteurellosis, were often infected with both
Mannheimia haemolytica
and
M.bovis.
Arthritis was present in 25 of 54 (46%) calves with
M. bovis
 pneumonia, and allcalves with arthritis had pneumonia. BVDV infection was more common in calves withlesions of bacterial.
Diseases and pathogens associated with mortality in Ontario beef feedlots.
J VetDiagn Invest 18:18–28 (2006). IN order of prevalence-- Fibrinosuppurative bronchopneumonia (49%), caseonecrotic bronchopneumonia or arthritis (or both) caused by
Mycoplasma bovis
(36%), viral respiratory disease (19%), BVDV-related diseases(21%),
 Histophilus somni
myocarditis (8%), ruminal bloat (2%), and miscellaneousdiseases (8%). Viral infections identified were BVDV (35%), bovine respiratorysyncytial virus (9%), bovine herpesvirus-1 (6%), parainfluenza-3 virus (3%), and bovinecoronavirus (2%). Bacteria isolated from the lungs included
M. bovis
(82%),
Mycoplasma arginini
(72%),
Ureaplasma diversum
(25%),
Mannheimia haemolytica
(27%),
 Pasteurella multocida
(19%),
 H. somni
(14%), and
 Arcanobacterium pyogenes
(19%).
Accidental intra-auricular artery injection of ceftiofur in twobeef steers.
 J Vet Diagn Invest 19:125–128 (2007). Oil-basedformulation of ceftiofur died within 5 minutes of injection. Notablepathologic findings included distention and obstruction of cerebral andcerebellar arteries by a whitish tan material and hemorrhages withinmeningeal spaces, the choroid plexus, cerebrum, and cerebellum. Lipidmaterial was identified within cerebral blood vessels in frozen sectionsstained with oil red O. This report describes an unusual case of brainischemia in beef cattle.
Muscular pseudohypertrophy (steatosis) in a bovine fetus.
 JVet Diagn Invest 19:198–201 (2007). Muscular pseudohypertrophywas diagnosed in the cervical musculature of a full-term crossbredSimmental fetus delivered by fetotomy. The neck musculature of thefetus was markedly deformed by 23 cm and 18 cm in diameter, firm,spherical masses that consisted of enlarged and pale left splenius andright serratus ventralis cervicis muscle, respectively, covered by intact

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