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opthalamology

opthalamology

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Published by: api-19863548 on Dec 01, 2009
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03/18/2014

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OBJECTIVES

At the end of the course, the learned shall be able to :
1. Identify common diseases of the eye
2. Diagnose and treat common diseases of the outer eye\u2014conjuctivitis, stye,

extraocular foreign body, corneal abrasion, vitamin A deficiency.

3. Recognise and initiate treatment(prior to referral) for sight threatening diseases
like acute glaucoma, keratomalacia, corneal ulcer, ocular trauma, alkali/chemical
injuries.

4. Demonstrate knowledge of blindness and its causation. Be an active participant in
the implementation of the National programmes for control and prevention of
blindness.

COURSE CONTENTS:
Knowledge \u2013 course content
COURSE CONTENT

Introduction
Anatomy of the eye- including Visual pathway, Extraocular muscles , /
Physiology - Aqueous humour formation, lacrimal pump, tear film, fields.
Pharmocology\u2014ophthalmic preparations, modes of administration, Antibiotics,

antivirals, antifungals, antiglaucoma drugs, mydriatics andcylcoplegics, ocular toxicity of
systemic, ocular medication,
Elementary optics: Strums\u2019 conoid, donders eye
Title
Must know
Desirable to know
1. Acute Conjunctivitis, Trachoma, Allergic
conjunctivitis, Pingencula, Pterygium,

Xerosis/bitot spots, Dry eye, Angular
conjunctivitis, neonatal conjunctivits,
subconj hemorrhage, D/D of conjunctival
and limbal nodule*

\u221a
Chronic conjunctivitis, Dry eye, Membranous
conjunctivitis, Inclusion conjunctivitis
\u221a
1

2. Corneal inflammations :Corneal Ulcers \u2013
bacterial , Moorens Ulcer*, fungal, viral
Vitamin A Deficiency and keratomalacia
Exposure keratitis, Neuroparalytic kerattitis
Corneal blindness, Eye banking, eye
donation,Keratoplasty,
Arcus senilis, corneal oedema,

\u221a

3. Deep /interstitial keratitis, Degenerations and
dystrophies, Overview of keratorefractive
surgery.

\u221a
28. Scleritis, episcleritis
\u221a
5. Iridocylitis, Panophthalmitis,
Endophthalmitis
\u221a

6. Systemic associations of uveitis, Choroiditis,
Coloboma iris, ocular albinism, Asteroid
Hyalitis*

\u221a
7. Vitreous hemorrhage \u2013causes, synchiaris
scintillans*
\u221a
8. Synchisis syntillans, Asteroid hyalosis
\u221a

9. Angle closure glaucoma, Open angle
glaucoma, steroid glaucoma, lens induced
glaucoma including surgery and
management*

\u221a

10. Cataract and management, cong.
Conditions, surgery and complications, lens
abnormality including surgery*

\u221a
11. Secondary glaucomas, Congenital glaucoma
\u221a

12. Fundus changes in Diabetes,
Hypertension, anaemias, Pregnancy induced
hypertension, Hematological disorders,
Myopia.

: Photocoagulation

: Retinal vascular diseases\u2014
Central retinal occlusion, Central retinal
vein occlusion, RD

\u221a
13. Retinopathy of prematurity, Retinitis
pigmentosa, retinoblastoma
\u221a
14. Papilledema, Optic neuritis, Optic
atrophy.
\u221a
15. Awareness of amblyopia, Types of squint(\u221a
2

Paralytic, non paralytic)
16. Common causesof proptosis, Orbital
\ue000 ellulites, Cavernous sinus thrombosis

\u221a
17. Dacryocystitis\u2014congenital, Acute,
chronic. Epihora
\u221a

18. Inflammations, ectropion entropion,
trichiasis, ptosis, lagophthalmos,
symblepharon, blepharitis, Chalazion, lid

\u221a

19. Refractive error, Myopia,
hypermetropia, Astigmatism, Presbyopia,
aphakia/pseuophakia, Anisometropia,
overview of keratorefractive surgery

\u221a

20. Chemical injuries, Open globe injuries,
closed globe injuries and first aid treatment
including sympathetic injuries.

\u221a
21. Siderosis bulbi, Chalcosis, medico legal
aspects
\u221a
22. Defintion and types of blindness.
: Causes of blindness
: Promotion of eye donation
: NPCB, Vision 2020, Eye camps
\u221a

23. Symptomatic disturbances of vision,
Overview of Recent advances in
ophthalmology

\u221a
24. Lasers in ophthalmology
\u221a
25. Enucleation \u2013 Indication, technique
\u221a
26. Eye & Systemic diseases including AIDS
\u221a
27. Causes of sudden/partial/painless
diminision of vision.
\u221a
28. Ocular malignancy
\u221a

29. Pharmacology \u2013 community medicine,
eye drops chronic side effects of septemic
medication, local anaesthetics, viscoelastic
steroid and NSAIDS.

\u221a
Examination skills
Skills

Able to
Perform
Independently

Able to
perform
Under
Guidance

Assist
Observe
1. Visual acuity test and Use of
\u221a
3

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