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TERRORISM

TERRORISM

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03/18/2014

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TERRORISM, VIOLENCE, LAW AND SOCIETY
1.0 INTRODUCTION

Terrorism is a cancer, which has its widespread impact on law and society. Historically, the term \u2018terrorism\u2019 was defined as \u201cState violence against citizens\u201d during the French Revolution. However, at present, \u2018terrorism\u2019 may be defined as an illegal method of adopting violence to propagate certain ideology affecting innocent persons. Religion, Regionalism, Oppression by tyrants are some of the causes, what the terrorists claim for the spread of their ideology. Terrorism spread like cancer with the rise of technology such as internet, press, news channels etc. Terrorism has spread throughout the world and now the terrorists are just trying to achieve their own motto through pressure and violence.

The rise of terrorism has increased through ages. The first rise of terrorism was at the time of French revolution, in which the laborers took the path of extremism. But at present mostly terrorists are spreading terrorism in the name of religion. International terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda, Hamas, Hizb - ul \u2013 Mujahideen and Indian terrorist groups like, JKLF, Laskhar- e \u2013 taeba and Indian Mujahidddin etc., propagate that they are spreading terrorism for Jihads. Terrorism is now a global cause and every nation is having a very strict and a stern steps to curtail terrorism. Terrorism is creating a dividing line between the various nations. Even if the political parties that were not involved earlier, are presently blamed to have links with terrorism. Impact of the terrorism is always very bad and this has just increased throughout ages. The most dangerous attack has been the 9/11 attacks which killed people of more than 50 nationalities. The attack on the Indian Parliament, Mumbai local train blast etc are some of deadliest attacks by these religious extremists. There have been serious interventions by the terrorist groups. Every country in the world now is forced to take strong steps to curtail terrorism. However, there are many ill effects of this too. Likewise, in America after the 9/11 attacks every bearded man was caught suspiciously. The nations are still incompetent to fight terrorism. USA claims to be the strongest nation in the world and but look at their condition. The

deadliest attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon have shown that even the superpower is also incompetent before the terrorism. The CIA had warned the USA government but the USA Government did not care and the attacks took place.

The main reasons of terrorism are unemployment, illiteracy, poverty, inflation and the oppressive government. The policies that are framed by the government are not for the people but they are for the personal benefits of the politicians. This shows the inadequacy of the government. It is because of this, terrorists who claim they to be the representative of religion take advantage of the situation and in the name of religion spread violence. This is what makes terrorist heads like Osama-Bin-Laden and Bilal Masud. The actions of these terrorist group have been varying and for the different purposes. In every nation, whether it is India or elsewhere these groups want to spread their influence under the guise protection of religion or regionalism. Nevertheless, the motto if these terrorist groups are the same that is to capture power through violence. In addition, this is the entire analysis of my paper.

2.0 RISE AND CAUSES OF TERRORISM

The terrorism has been on a rising trend in the last two decades in India. India has experienced both Hindu extremism as well as Muslim extremism. The terrorism in India can be broadly termed as religious and regional extremism.

The rise of terrorism started from the day when Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru divided India and Pakistan. This created a dividing line between two nations in the name of religion. Moreover, that was the time when the issue of Kashmir was left undone. For Pakistan it would be a nice extension of territory as majority of Kashmiries were Muslims. Pakistan used the tool of terrorism to serve its aforementioned purpose. Therefore, India faced the worst part. Many people, many damages have been caused due to terrorist activities. Many terrorist attacks took place like two Bombay blasts, blast at Malegaon, Parliament attack bomb blasts at Delhi, Varanasi, Bangalore, Akhaydham temple etc all have resulted in a threatened mass and society. Attacks on Jammu & Kashmir are always in the headlines. Even in polling booth where people go to cast, their

votes are all put under security. This shows the impact of terrorism. The tourists are afraid to visit Kashmir. Hindu pundits of Kashmir are forced to live in refugee camps for last two decades in their own country. This shows the disparity that terrorist have created by spread of their violence.

Recently in Kandhmal, the Hindu extremists are torturing the Christians. This
cannot be termed as rise of religion and this may be defined as an internal terrorism.

The rise of terrorism has all been perpetuated by the religious fanatics and to some extent sponsored by political leaders. They make false promises to the religious minorities and fail to implement on that. This gives the religious fanatics a reason, who wants to rebel against the government. These fanatics influence and brainwash the oppressed and poor people to serve the purpose of fighting against the Government. Further rampant corruption in government and other lifestyles, which is always in a rising trend, increases unemployment and poverty. These are the crucial factors for rise of terrorism. A suicide bomber is always a poor man lured by terrorists. The disparity between the poor and the rich are increasing every day. More poverty and the country would generate more and more terrorists.

3.0 EDUCATED YOUTH IN TERRORISM

A nonprofessional cannot run a terrorist organization. A terrorist organization needs a mastermind to create a nexus between violence and threat. An illiterate person cannot plan a bombing in the Mumbai local train. The person should have a brain of a rabbit to execute their operation. If we put a close look at the terrorist camp masterminds, they are super genius men. Likewise, Laden is a civil engineer and according to the US, he was a super mind.

An educated youth is the most frustrated person on the earth when he is unemployment. Moreover, the phrase \u2018empty mind devil\u2019s workshop\u2019 is clear. This is the time when these masterminds take advantage of these educated youths. In addition, these people are already in conflict with the government. This is the reason we see that the

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