“Water can be without the company of humans but we as humans can only be without water for afew days”.
Water is that chemical substance which is essential for every living organism to surviveon this planet. Water is needed by every cell of the organism’s body to perform normal function.In typical usage, water refers only to itsliquidform or state,but the substance also has asolid
state,ice,and agaseousstate,water vapor or steam. Water covers 71% of theEarth's surface,
mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground inaquifersand0.001% in theair asvapor ,clouds(formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air),
and precipitation.Saltwater oceanshold 97% of surface water,glaciersand polar ice caps2.4%,
and other land surface water such asrivers,lakesand ponds0.6%. A very small amount of the
Earth's water is contained withinwater towers, biological bodies, manufactured products, andfood stores. Other water is trapped in ice caps, glaciers, aquifers, or in lakes, sometimes providing fresh water for life on land
.Water moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration(evapotranspiration), precipitation, and runoff, usually reaching the sea. Winds carry water vapor over land at the same rate as runoff into the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpirationcontribute to the precipitation over land. Clean, fresh drinking water is essential to human andother life. Access to safe drinking water has improved steadily and substantially over the lastdecades in almost every part of the world. However, some observers have estimated that by 2025