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The Antonine Wall

The Antonine Wall

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Published by corinne mills

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Published by: corinne mills on Mar 23, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/17/2009

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The Antonine Wall
The Antonine Wall was built by the soldiers of the Second Augusta, the Sixth Victrix, and theTwentieth Valeria Victrix legions (who were also responsible for the building of Hadrians Wall)some time around 142AD These units are testified by the inscriptions they set up on completionof certain lengths of the rampart. Along the back of the frontier and adjacent to the forts are anumber of temporary camps used by the soldiers during building of the Wall.The Antonine Wall is named after the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius who ordered itsconstruction .Originally six forts were planned - Carriden, Mumrills, Castlecary, Bar Hill ,Balmuildy and Old Kilpatrick with fortlets built in between. These fortlets were then abandonedand further forts were built.The Known primary and secondary forts along the Antonine Wall are:
 
Auchendavy
 
Balmuildy
 
Cadder
 
Castlehill
 
Duntocher
 
Kirkintilloch
 
Old Kilpatrick 
 
Carriden
 
Inveravon
 
Mumrills
 
Rough Castle
 
Bearsden
 
Bar Hill
 
Croy Hill
 
Westerwood
 
Castlecary
 
Seabegs
Rampart, Ditch and Upcast Mound
 The linear barrier consisted of a turf or earth rampart which stretched for 38 miles between OldKilpatrick on the Clyde in the west and Carriden on the Forth in the east. The rampart was 4.3metres wide with an estimated height of 3 metres. These turfs were placed on a stone base whichwas bordered on each side by dressed kerbstones. Stone culverts passed through this base atintervals to drain away rainwater.The area to the west of Watling Lodge was built of turf but the area to the east of this was of earth retained by clay cheeks 0.3 metres wide.In front of the rampart was a large V shaped ditch which varies in size but mainly is around 12

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