Health examination is not completer without the oral health assessment. Regular assessment of dental diseases have been seen to be important as they keep onvarying in occurrence and severity. This has to be measured both qualitatively andquantitatively and the measure of these parameters are taken by an ‘Index’ (plural – Indices). It is a very important tool in the branch of dental public health and inthe study of epidemiology.
has been defined by ‘Russell’ as “A numerical value describing therelative status of a population on a graduated scale with definite upper and lower limits, which is designed to permit and facilitate comparison with other populations classified by the same criteria and methods.”
” means disease involving either or all of the attachmentapparatus of a tooth. Many researchers place gingival diseases also under theheading of Periodontal diseases while others differentiate the two.Periodontitis is a bacterially induced inflammation of the gingival tissues together with loss of both the attachment of the periodontal ligament and bony support.