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Corbridge Roman Fort and Town

Corbridge Roman Fort and Town

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Published by corinne mills

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Published by: corinne mills on Mar 23, 2008
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01/15/2012

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Corbridge Roman Fort and Town
The first Roman fort at Corbridge was built about a km to the west of the standing remains. Itwas built as a supply base for the Roman advance into Scotland in about AD80. Five years afterthe fort was abandoned, the first of a series of forts was built on this site. The earliest forts atCorbridge were built largely of timber. It was not until the middle of the second century, whenthe last fort was built that extensive use was made of stone.Towards the end of the second century Corbridge’s role as a regular military fort came to an end.While the core of the site remained in the hands of the military, the surrounding area developedas a town. Many of the buildings of the town are buried beneath the surrounding fields. Theremains which you can still see today are only a small part of the central area.The size of Corbridge and its location indicate that it was an impotant town, a centre for both themilitary and civilian administration of the region. It would have provided a market for local andregional produce and opportunities for traders and merchantsFinds from the excavations suggest the presence of leatherworkers, potters and smiths. Travellersprobably used Corbridge as a staging post on the main route north, giving them an opportunity tochange or refresh their horses.
 
Shops and houses lined the roads leading in from east to west. The heart of the town was themain street.What you can see nowadays of the rise and fall of some of the walls was caused by their gradualsubsidence into the ditches of an earlier fort.When the earliest fort was destroyed in AD105, the useful contents of an armourer's workshopwere hurriedly thrown into a wooden chest and buried to keep them out of enemy hands.Thechest was never reclaimed from its hiding place. It contained, along with other items, portions of a breastplate from a legionary soldiers uniform.
 
 This hoard of materials was found in excavations in 1964 - it contains assorted items, the greatestpart of them iron, tools and weapons, traces of wooden objects, fabrics, bone and glass and someobjects of bronze and lead .

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