- CMV, herpes simplex, EB- V, yellow fever.
2- Drugs & toxins: Alcohol, isoniazide, Paracetamol.
3- Metabolic:- Wilson's disease.
Here, we are going to discuss viral hepatitis.
- Mode of infection:- Faecal - oral route & rarely parenteral
transmission. It spreads into food & water (fresh & salty ones).
Shillfishs are a good source of infection.
- The disease occurs as sporadic cases or in epidemics
-Severity of acute stage usually mild.
-Choronicity:- No chronicity & no relation to hepatocellular
developed countries due poor hygiene & crowdness.
- Primary infection gives solid immunity & reinfection is rare.
- The case is the source of infection.
- Transfusion of blood & blood Products. Death rates may be
from 10- 20% in this case, partly due to large dose of virus
received & partly due to weakened condition of partient needing
3- Transmission from the mother to her baby.
- Incubation period: 1-6monthes.
- The disease occures at any age.
- The disease usually occures as sporadic cases & accidental
- Severity of acute stage: Mild or severe
- Chronicity:- May lead to chronic complications & hepatocellular
In developing countries where HBV is widespread most adults
have been infected. This infection usually occure in early
childhood & many become carries of the virus. About one \u2013 third
of these will develop chronic forms of hepatitis.
- Mode of infection:-
1- Parenteral transmission .
2- Sexual transmission & transmission from mother to her baby are
- Incubation period :- 1 week -4 monthes.
- The disease occures at any age but more common in adults.
- The disease occures as sporadic cases.
- Severity of acute stage: usually mild.
- Chronicity: may lead to chronic complications & hepatocellular
Now bringing you back...
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