which typically provides amechanicaladvantagein accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturallyavailable to the user of a tool. The most basic tools aresimple machines. For example, acrowbar simply functions as alever . The further out from the pivot point, the more forceis transmitted along the lever. When particularly intended for domestic use, a tool is oftencalled a
Tools often employ the principles of asimple machine, which is a device that onlyrequires the application of a singleforceto work. Many tools or groups of tools serve to perform one or more of a set of basic operations, such as:
Cutting tools, such as theknife,scytheor sickle,are wedge-shaped implementsthat produce ashearing forcealong a narrow face. Ideally, the edge of the toolneeds to beharder than the material being cut or else the blade will become dulledwith repeated use. But even resilient tools will require periodicsharpening, whichis the process of removing deformation wear from the edge.