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Tool

Tool

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Published by Ali Mohd
Sumbangan Sylwyn Melvyn KPLSPM RBT, IPTI
Sumbangan Sylwyn Melvyn KPLSPM RBT, IPTI

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Published by: Ali Mohd on Mar 23, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/05/2010

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Tool
A tool is a
device
or a piece of 
equipment
which typically provides amechanicaladvantagein accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturallyavailable to the user of a tool. The most basic tools aresimple machines. For example, acrowbar  simply functions as alever . The further out from the pivot point, the more force is transmitted along the lever. When particularly intended for domestic use, a tool is oftencalled a
utensil
.Observation has confirmed thatmultiple species can use tools, includingmonkeys, apes, several birds,sea otters, and others. Philosophers originally thought that only humans had the ability to
make
tools, untilzoologistsobserved birds
and monkeys
 makingtools. Now humans' unique relationship to tools is considered to be that we are the onlyspecies that uses tools to make
other 
tools.
[
 
]
Mostanthropologistsbelieve that the use of tools was an important step in theevolution of mankind.
Humans evolved an opposable thumb- useful in holding tools - and increased dramatically in intelligence, which aided in the use of tools.
Some tools can also serve asweapons, such as ahammer or aknife. Similarly, people can use weapons, such asexplosives, as tools.
Function
Tools often employ the principles of a simple machine, which is a device that only requires the application of a single force to work. Many tools or groups of tools serve to  perform one or more of a set of basic operations, such as:
Cutting tools, such as theknife,scythe or sickle,are wedge-shaped implements that produce ashearing force along a narrow face. Ideally, the edge of the tool needs to beharder than the material being cut or else the blade will become dulledwith repeated use. But even resilient tools will require periodicsharpening, whichis the process of removing deformation wear from the edge.
Concentrating force tools, such as the hammer ,maulandwhip operate by applying physical compressionto a surface. In the case of thescrewdriver , this force is applied by means of  torque. Writing implementsdeliver a fluid to a surface, and may require some compression to activate.
Guiding and measuring tools include theset square, straightedge and theodolite.
Seizing and holding ( pliers,glove, wrench, etc...)

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