May 8, 1565
: The natives of Cebu submit to Spanish rule under Legazpi and Cebu becomes thecapital of the Philippines.
: The Portuguese, who believe that under the
Treaty of Tordesillas
, the Philippines fallsunder Portuguese jurisdiction, attack Cebu and blockade the port.
: The Portuguese launch a second attack on the Philippines but are unsuccessful.
: Legazpi sends an expedition to Manila which befriends the ruler of Manila, RajahSoliman.
: War breaks out between the Spanish and Rajah Soliman as a result of either amisunderstanding or due to an attempt to impose Spanish sovereignty on the Manila natives.Soliman's warriors are defeated and Maynilad (Manila) is burnt to the ground and occupied bythe Spanish.
June 24, 1571
: Legazpi selects Manila as the capital of the colony because of the natural harbour and rich lands surrounding the city that could supply it with produce.
: The Chinese pirate Limahong attacks Manila and attempts to invade the city but is unsuccessful.
: Limahong launches a second attack on Manila but is again unsuccessful.Limahong leaves Manila for Pangasinan. Following Limahong's defeat, Rajah Soliman andLakandula lead a short revolt against the Spanish in towns north of Manila after some of their lands are given away to Spanish officials.
March 23, 1575
: A Spanish-Filipino force leaves for Pangasinan where Limahong hasestablished his own kingdom. In the following months, Limahong's Chinese fleet is destroyed byfire. His fort is attacked and damaged by fire but holds out giving Limahong time to build new boats and repair some of the breaches in his fort.
August 4, 1575
: Limahong sets sail for China and departs the fort via a secret channel that hismen had dug. The Spanish are taken by surprise by this development and drive wooden stakesinto the riverbed where they expect Limahong to pass through. As Limahong arrives at the stakesthe Spanish subject his fleet to a blinding fire. Despite this, the Chinese remove enough stakes toallow Limahong to escape.
: Philip II of Spain becomes Philip I of Portugal (not officially recognised until 1581),ultimately ending the dispute between Spain and Portugal over the Philippines. In the same year,forced labour is imposed on Filipino males aged 16 to 60.
: In Pampanga, a revolt is planned against the Spanish who learn of the revolt before it eventakes place. The leaders of the planned revolt are executed.
: A revolt breaks out in the Ilocos and Cagayan areas over abuses of tax collectors andunfair taxes. The Spanish forces pacify the rebels and grant them pardon. The tax system isoverhauled.
: The galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1600 - 1617
: The Dutch attempt to seize the Philippines but are defeated by the Spanish navy.
: The Chinese revolt against injustices under the Spanish who suppress the revolt brutally.
: A revolt breaks out in Bohol lead by Tamblot, a priest of the native religion. The revolt isfollowed by other revolts in Leyte, Panay and Samar against collection of tributes.
January 1, 1622
: The revolt in Bohol lead by Tamblot is crushed.