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structure. It is the study of interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter and the important consequence of this interaction is that energy gets absorbed or emitted by the matter in discrete amounts called q u a n ta . The absorption or emission takes place throught the electromagnetic spectrum.
Light is a form of energy and it is a example of emr. All the properties of light can be explained by considering the two complimentary theories Corpuscular and Wave theory. According to wave theory, light travel in the form of waves. Like light there are various forms of emr such as Ultraviolet (UV), Infrared (IR), X-ray, radio waves etc.
1. Electromagnetic wave is an alternating electrical and associated magnetic force in space. Emr has an electric component and magnetic component. The two components oscillate in planes perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation.
expressed in nm, Ao (Angstrom) or in m\u03bc (millimicron). A beam of emr carrying radiation of one discrete wavelength is said to be monochromatic and a beam having radiation of several wavelength is called polychromatic or heterochromatic.
3.The energy carried by an electromagnetic radiation is directly proportional to its frequency . E = h\u03c5 = h. c / \u03bb where h is Planck's constant = 6.626 x 10-2 7 ergs sec. \u03c5 is frequency in cps ,
Etrans is the energy due to translational motion. This energy is associated with the uniform motion of a molecule as a whole .This form of energy is of no significance in spectroscopy. It is not quantized and it can be neglected.
The instrument which is used to record the variation in the intensity of radiation is known as sp ect ro m et er and the plot of variation in intensity with frequency or wavelength is called as sp ect ru m .
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