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Loglan 3 vol.2

Loglan 3 vol.2

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03/28/2015

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1
LOGLAN 3
UNDERSTANDINGLOGLAN
 VOLUME 2byStephen L. Rice
 A THESISPresented to the Facultyof the University of Alaska at Fairbanksin Partial Fulfillment of the Requirementsfor the Degree of MASTER OF ARTSMay, 1994© Copyright 1994, 1997 Stephen L. Rice and The Loglan Institute, Inc.Fairbanks, Alaska, and San Diego, California, USA. All Rights reserved.
 
2
LA LOGLI 1997 / 2 
Contents
Page
Volume 2
Lesson 7:
Improving your Connections
4More about connectives (sheks, eesheks and keks):
ce, ciha, ice, Iha, ke...ki, taaLopo Purmao
: Ethnic predicates
Lo Nurvia Logla
:
 Vi le mekso resra
Lesson 8:
Mass Productions
17Mass description with
lo
:
kia
,
kio
,
lo
,
zeLopo Purmao
: Complexes versus modification
Lo Nurvia Logla
:
La Betis telfyduo
Lesson 9:
 Abstract Art 
27 Abstraction with
po
,
pu
, and
zo
; indirect discourse:
gea
,
liuLopo Purmao
: Using versus doing: -
pli
, -
duo
; behavingversus acting: -
 biu
, -
kaoLo Nurvia Logla
:
Eo perdja la Betis
Lesson 10:
 Anything for the Cause
37Causal connectives, modal operators, comparativeconnectives:
ciu
,
coi
,
da
,
de
,
di
,
do
,
du
,
dua
,
dui
, (
e
)
mou
,
hea
,
kou
,
lia
,
moi
,
nokou
,
nukou
,
numou
,
rau
,
soaLopo Purmao
: Changes of state with -
cea
, -
cko
,and -
maoLo Nurvia Logla
:
Le kenti pe la Betis
Lesson 11:
 Abstract Arguments
47Letter-writing, register markers, still more aboutinflectors,
da
variables, personal variables, abstractdescriptors, sets and multiples, inexact quotation:
kau
, etc.,
lae
,
lea
,
leu
,
loe
,
miu
etc.,
napa
,
papa
,
pazu
etc.,
rie
etc.,
soi
, -
za
, -
zi
, -
zu
 
3
Lopo Purmao
: Cooperative action with
kin
-, -
kii
;reciprocal action with -
kueLo Nurvia Logla
:
Le lerci pe la Fum Fudjitsus
Lesson 12:
The Numbers Racket 
63Numbers, weights and measures, arithmetic, telling time:
duo
,
eu
,
ho
,
kua
,
lio
, -
ma
, -
mo
,
nazi
,
ni
...
ve
,
pio
,
tia
,
tonaLopo Purmao
: Number djifoa, multiplicative predicates
Lo Nurvia Logla
:
Nepo ditca lo konmathe
Letter Variables
Lesson 3 (Volume 1) introduced the use of letter variables, with thelowercase letters replacing designations made with predicates, andthe uppercase letters, those made with names. So, if you had justmentioned
le ditca
, you could then refer to this person as
dei
. Whathappens, though, if the sentence you had used contained
le ditca je lemi detra
(
the teacher of my daughter 
)? Now we have two
d
-initial words; how can we refer to both, or if we only wish to referto one, how can we make it clear which one it is? The answer is touse the Greek letter-words. These are represented by the same setof initial consonants as for Latin letters, followed by -
eo
. The Greekvowels are characterized by a final -
zi
, (e.g.
azi
 
alpha
). Greek up-percase, both consonants and vowels, are formed by prefixing
gao
-to the lowercase letter, so
gaoAzi
 
 Alpha
.The letter variables are assigned on a First In, First Out principle.That is to say, the Latin letter is assigned to the first candidate,and the Greek letter to the second. So, in the example above,
leditca
would be
dei
, and
lemi detra
would be
deo
.If only one of these replacements is needed, the particular letterused will make it clear which description you are replacing. If thereis any doubt, you may use an “assignment operator” that will not beformally introduced until Lesson 16, but of which we can sneak apreview here. That operator is
 ji
—a word related phonemically to
 bi
—and means ‘
which is the same as
’. Thus
deo ji lemi detra
makesit plain beyond any doubt that you are assigning
deo
to
lemi detra
. You will find
dei
and
deo
used in Lesson 11.
* * *

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