Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paer! ISSN 222"-#$21 (%nline! &ol.4' No.11' 2#14
1#1 height 61.6C c)' followe, + nee) ("C.$3c)! an, garlic ("#."8c)!.
5hilies treate, lants were onl 44.88c) tall. In case of fresh shoot weight (a+le 2! again tur)eric showe, the +est results + giing 3".68 g shoot weight as co)are, with nee) treate, lants giing 3#.33 g shoot weight. Significant ,ifference (PM#.#"! was foun, a)ong hto+ioci,es using lants fresh root weight as a ara)eter. In this case too tur)eric treate, lants gae +est results. s o+ious fro) a+le 2' tur)eric gae the +est result i.e. lants treate, with tur)eric ha, )aBi)u) ,r shoot weight (8.6#Cg!. Nee) ran*e, as the secon, +est hto+ioci,e. Nee) treate, lants ha, C.C2g ,rie, shoot weight. he results were also significant (PM#.#"! in case of ,r root weight. Nee) an, garlic ran*e, secon, an, thir, while tur)eric re)aine, on to + giing )aBi)u) root weight 3.""g In case of ,r root weight the interaction a)ong concentration is significant (PM#.#"!. 9hen 12 fol, ,ilutions of tur)eric an, chilies were use, 3.61Cg' an, 2."33g weights of roots were recor,e,. Si)ilarl when original concentration ("#gLliter! of hto+ioci,es was use, the results were ,ifferent in case of nee) an, garlic. (a+le 2! @a+orator stu,ies in,icate, that a nu)+er of hto+ioci,es were effectie in controlling soft rot of to)ato. )ong these hto+ioci,es' tur)eric cause, )aBi)u) 0one of inhi+ition followe, + nee)' garlic an, chilies. hese results were in line with those of
(1$$"! who reorte, that tur)eric coul, +e use, as anti-oBi,ant' anti)icro+ial' anti-roto0oal an, anti-allergic. It was foun, that tur)eric treate, lants were of )aBi)u) height an, ha, the )aBi)u) root an, shoot weight followe, + nee) treate, lants. Results of nee) were in line with those of A,lia (2##6! who showe, that aGueous eBtract of nee) leaf an, see, aGueous eBtract significantl re,uce, the inci,ence an, seerit of tu+er soft rot. nee) has a +len, of 3 to 4 relate, co)oun,s along with oer 2# lesser ones' which are eGuall actie. he general class of these co)oun,s is triterenes an, within this categor' the )ost effectie are the li)onoi,s' which are a+un,ant in nee). %f these li)onoi,s' a0a,irachitin has +een foun, to +e the )ain anti-)icro+ial' +eing u to $#F effectie in )ost instances. It reels an, ,isruts the life ccles' howeer it ,oes not *ill i))e,iatel' +ut is nonetheless one of the )ost effectie growth an, fee,ing ,eterrents eer eBa)ine,. Ni)+in an, ni)+i,in' also foun, in nee)' hae anti-iral roerties an, these hae +een shown to +e effectie in inhi+iting fungal growth as well (oul
1$8$!. /arlic eBtract can +e use, against a range of )icroorganis)s as llicin in garlic is an anti)icro+ial su+stance. (lan
.' 2##C!. Selection of chilies with other control )easure is also a goo, choice for control of soft rot' as chilies gie co)aratiel goo, result +oth
. 5hilies are also easil aaila+le an, econo)ical as reorte, + 5lau,io
Table /: Effect of 'hytobiocides on the control of soft rot of tomato (sing 'lant height0 fresh and dry shoot weight0 fresh and dry root weight as a 'arameter1 Treatments Plant height *cm& 2resh shoot weight *g& 2resh root weight *g& !ry shoot weight *g& !ry root weight *g&
1 ur)eric 61.C a 3" .C a $.$ a 8.# a 3.1 a 2 Nee) "C.$ + 3#.C + 8." + C.C + 2.4 + 3 5hilies 44.$ , 2C.1 c 6." , 6.C c 1.$ e 4 /arlic "#.6 c 28.C +c C.2 c C.# c 2.3 c " lant inoculate, with +acteria onl 34." f 1$.3 e ".1 f 4.3 e 1.8 e 6 No +acteria no hto+oci,es 41.8 e 22.2 , 6.1 e 6.1 , 2.1 c, @S 2.2 2.2 #.4 #.3 #.3 eans followe, + sa)e letter (s! ,o not ,iffer significantl (P M #.#"! fro) each other
urther research is nee,e, to inestigate )ore hto+ioci,es for the control of ,ifferent ,iseases to safe guar, our eniron)ent' an, to roi,e health foo, to the growing oulation of the worl,.
lan' J.' P. nant an, P. aniela. 2##C. 5ontrol of lant ,iseases + natural ro,ucts' llicin fro) garlic as a case stu,. rsenieic' .' . %+ra,oic. 1$$6. %ccurrence of Aacterial wilt an, soft rot of see, ca++age lants (
Brassica oleracea var. Capitata L
.! in Eugoslaia. J. Phtoathol. 144'31"-31$. isaria*ul' .' N. &anittana*o) an, . Au,,hasu*h. 1$$". ntifungal actiit of tur)eric oil eBtracte, fro) 5urcu)a longa .
Journal of Ethnopharmacol.
4$<163-16$. A,lia' A. S. an, ahiru A. 2##6. ;fficienc of so) e lant eBtracts on the control of otato tu+er soft rot cause, +
Journal of Plant Protection Research
. 46< 28"-2$4. Aell' .' S. Se+aihia an, . Pritchar,. 2##4. /eno)e seGuence of the entero+acterial htoathogen
an, characteri0ation of irulence factors.
Proceein!s of the "ational #caemy of $ciences of the %nite $tates of #merica