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Health Teaching

Health Teaching

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Published by katrinajoyhernandez

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Published by: katrinajoyhernandez on Dec 01, 2009
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03/16/2013

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HEALTH TEACHING
I.OBJECTIVES:A.GENERAL OBJECTIVES:
 
I- General Objectives:By Health Teaching the patient gain sufficient knowledge about the nature of leptospirosis, and will apply their said knowledge to their daily living by meansof preventing their selves that will help them to have a healthy life.
 
II- Specific Objectives:
After 30 minutes of health teaching the patient will be able to:
a. Knowledge1. Define leptospirosis2. Identify the causes of leptospirosis3. Know the signs and symptoms of leptospirosis4.
Know the different procedures and medicines for the treatment ofleptospirosis b.Skills1.Demonstrate the different nursing intervention for leptospirosis2.Discuss and show the factors that contribute to leptospirosis, itsnature and magnitude3.Guide the relatives or the primary health care giver in makingdecisions about certain lifestyles that has a great effect on thehealth problem. b.Attitude1.To develop trust and rapport between the patient and health care provider II.READINESS TO LEARN
 
The patient is conscious, responsive and able to ambulate.III.CAPABILITY TO LEARNBoth relatives and primary health care giver have a good memory recognitionand understanding. The relatives and care giver knows the patient’s condition andthey can understand and speak Filipino.IV.METHODOLOGYThe method to be used in delivering the health teaching is the conventionalmethod which is discussion of the topic in its simplest form and according to theunderstanding of the listener. Also, the selection of the topic is based on the patient needs. The language to be used is vernacular form. In addition, we will just used simple word in order for them to understand clearly and an illustration of some points maybe given to increase comprehension.V.PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTBefore the health teaching is to be given the room should be properlyventilated and lighted. This makes the room conducive to learning. In addition,the listener is encouraged to take a meal before the health teaching and the placeshould be cleaned. This makes the listener comfortable which increases the levelof understanding.
 
leptospirosis
I.INTRODUCTION
Leptospirosis
(also known as
Weil's disease, Weil's syndrome
,
canicola fever
,
canefield fever
,
nanukayami fever
,
7-day fever
, "Rat Catcher's Yellows", "Fort Braggfever," and "Pretibial fever"
[1]:290
) is a bacterialzoonoticdisease caused byspirochaetesof  thegenus 
that affectshumansand a wide range of animals, includingmammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. It was first described byAdolf Weilin 1886when he reported an "acute infectious disease withenlargement of spleen, jaundiceand nephritis".
 Leptospira
was first observed in 1907 from a post mortemrenal tissueslice.
Though being recognised among the world's most commonzoonoses, leptospirosis is arelatively rare bacterialinfectionin humans. The infection is commonly transmitted tohumans by allowing water that has been contaminated by animalurineto come in contactwith unhealed breaks in theskin,eyesor with themucous membranes. Outside of tropical  areas, leptospirosis cases have a relatively distinct seasonality with most of themoccurring August–September/February–March.
Etiology
Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochaete bacterium called
interrogans.Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochaete bacterium called
spp. that has at least5serovarsof importance in theUnited States and Canadacausing disease in dogs (Icterohaemorrhagiae, Canicola, Pomona, Grippotyphosa, and Bratislava)
There areother (less common) infectious strains. It should however be noted that geneticallydifferent leptospira organisms may be identical serologically and vice versa. Hence, anargument exists on the basis of strain identification. The traditional serologic system isseemingly more useful from a diagnostic and epidemiologic standpoint at the moment(which may change with further development and spread of technologies likePCR 
 
).Leptospirosis is transmitted by the urine of an infected animal and is contagious as longas it is still moist. Although rats, mice and voles are important primary hosts, a widerange of other mammals including dogs, deer, rabbits, hedgehogs, cows, sheep, raccoons, possums, skunks, and even certain marine mammals are also able to carry and transmitthe disease as secondary hosts. Dogs may lick the urine of an infected animal off thegrass or soil, or drink from an infected puddle. There have been reports of "house dogs"contracting leptospirosis apparently from licking the urine of infected mice that enteredthe house. The type of habitats most likely to carry infective bacteria are muddyriverbanks, ditches, gulleys and muddy livestock rearing areas where there is regular  passage of either wild or farm mammals. There is a direct correlation between the amount

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