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Giao_Trinh_Linux_-_MCSE

Giao_Trinh_Linux_-_MCSE

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Published by: api-27344481 on Dec 01, 2009
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03/18/2014

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GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Tu\u1ea5n
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
Trang 1
M\u1ee5c l\u1ee5c ch\u00ednh

B\u00e0i 1: Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u, c\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t Redhat, v\u00e0 t\u1ed5ng quan c\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh th\u00f4ng th\u01b0\u1eddng..... 2 B\u00e0i 2: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh DHCP Server................................................. 17 B\u00e0i 3: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh DNS Server................................................... 20 B\u00e0i 4: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh Samba Server............................................... 24 B\u00e0i 5: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh Squid Server................................................. 33 B\u00e0i 6: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh Apache Server.............................................. 37 B\u00e0i 7: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh Sendmail....................................................... 53 B\u00e0i 8: C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 C\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh RAS............................................................... 57

GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Tu\u1ea5n
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
Trang 2
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng I:- Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u \u2013 c\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t
Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u LINUX
Linux l\u00e0 mi\u1ec5n ph\u00ed (free).\u0110\u1ed1iv\u1edbi ch\u00fang ta h\u00f4m nay kh\u00f4ng quan tr \u1ecdng v\u00ec ngay

WindowsNT server c\u0169ng \u201cfree\u201d. Nh\u01b0ng trong t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai, khi ch\u00fang ta mu\u1ed1n h\u00f2a
nh\u1eadp v\u00e0o th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi, khi ch\u00fang ta mu\u1ed1n c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t thu nh\u1eadp ch\u00ednh\u0111\u00e1ng cho ng\u01b0\u1eddi l\u1eadp
tr\u00ecnh, hi\u1ec7n t\u01b0\u1ee3ng sao ch\u00e9p tr\u1ed9m ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m c\u1ea7n ph\u1ea3i ch\u1ea5m d\u1ee9t. Khi\u0111\u00f3, free l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t
th\u00f4ng s\u1ed1 r\u1ea5t quan tr\u1ecdng\u0111\u1ec3 ch\u1ecdn Linux.

Linux r\u1ea5t\u1ed5n\u0111\u1ecbnh. Tr\u00e1i v\u1edbi suy ngh\u0129 \u201ctruy\u1ec1n th\u1ed1ng\u201d l\u00e0 \u201cc\u1ee7a r\u1ebb l\u00e0 c\u1ee7a \u00f4i \u201c, Linux t\u1eeb
nh\u1eefng phi\u00ean b\u1ea3n\u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean c\u00e1ch\u0111\u00e2y 5-6 n\u0103m\u0111\u00e3 r\u1ea5t\u1ed5n\u0111 \u1ecbnh. Ngay c\u1ea3 server Linux
c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng m\u1ea1ng l\u1edbn (h\u00e0ng tr\u0103m m\u00e1y tr\u1ea1m) c\u0169ng ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng r\u1ea5t\u1ed5n\u0111 \u1ecbnh.
Linux\u0111\u1ea7y\u0111\u1ee7. T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 nh\u1eefng g\u00ec b\u1ea1n th\u1ea5y\u1edf IBM, SCO, Sun \u2026\u0111\u1ec1u c\u00f3\u1edf Linux. C
compiler, perl interpeter, shell , TCP/IP, proxy, firewall, t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u h\u01b0\u1edbng d\u1eabn ...\u0111\u1ec1u
r\u1ea5t\u0111\u1ea7y\u0111\u1ee7 v\u00e0 c\u00f3 ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng. H\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh ti\u1ec7n \u00edch c\u0169ng r\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ea7y \u0111\u1ee7.
Linux l\u00e0 HDH ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 32-bit. Nh\u01b0 c\u00e1c Unix kh\u00e1c, ngay t\u1eeb \u0111\u1ea7u, Linux\u0111\u00e3 l\u00e0
m\u1ed9t HDH 32 bits.
Linux r\u1ea5t m\u1ec1m d\u1ebbo trong c\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh. Linux cho ng\u01b0\u1eddi s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh r\u1ea5t linh
\u0111\u1ed9ng, v\u00ed d\u1ee5nh\u01b0 \u0111\u1ed9 ph\u00e2n d\u1ea3i m\u00e0n h\u00ecnh Xwindow t\u00f9y \u00fd, d\u1ec5 d\u00e0ng s\u1eeda \u0111\u1ed5i ngay c\u1ea3
kernel \u2026
Linux ch\u1ea1y tr\u00ean nhi\u1ec1u m\u00e1y kh\u00e1c nhau t\u1eeb PC 386, 486 t\u1ef1 l\u1eafp cho\u0111\u1ebfn SUN
Sparc.
Linux\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u1ee3 gi\u00fap. Ng\u00e0y nay, v\u1edbi c\u00e1c server Linux s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng d\u1eef li\u1ec7u quan

tr\u1ecdng, ng\u01b0\u1eddi s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00ecm\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 tr\u1ee3 gi\u00fap cho Linux t\u1eeb c\u00e1c
c\u00f4ng ty l\u1edbn. IBM\u0111\u00e3 ch\u00ednh th\u1ee9c ch\u00e0o b\u00e1n IBM server ch\u1ea1y tr\u00ean Linux. T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u gi\u1edbi
thi\u1ec7u Linux ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng nhi\u1ec1u, kh\u00f4ng thua k\u00e9m b\u1ea5t c\u1ee9 m\u1ed9t HDH n\u00e0o kh\u00e1c.

GV: L\u00ea Qu\u1ed1c Tu\u1ea5n
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
Trang 3
1. C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t Redhat 7.3
Thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft:

a. Server : y\u00eau c\u1ea7u c\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh :
+ CPU : Intel PII 400 ho\u1eb7c cao h\u01a1n.
+ RAM : 128MB ho\u1eb7c cao h\u01a1n.
+ HDD : 10GB ho\u1eb7c cao h\u01a1n.
+ NIC card : 100 Mbps

+ External Modem

+ \u2026\u2026.
b. Swicth c\u00f3 t\u1ed1c\u0111 \u1ed9 100 Mbps.
c. Cable v\u00e0 c\u00e1c thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft kh\u00e1c.

d. C\u00e1c m\u00e1y client c\u00f3 c\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh :
+ CPU t\u1eeb 486 tr\u1edf l\u00ean
+ RAM : 64 MB
+ HDD : 4.3GB ho\u1eb7c cao h\u01a1n.
+ NIC card : 100 Mbps.
+ \u2026\u2026\u2026.

C\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 c\u1ea5u h\u00ecnh:

B\u01b0\u1edbc\u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean, ch\u00fang ta c\u00e0i\u0111\u1eb7t v\u00e0 kh\u1edfi\u0111\u1ed9ng t\u1eeb CDROM.\u0110 \u01b0a\u0111\u0129a Red Hat 7.3 th\u1ee9 1 v\u00e0o, t\u1ea1i d\u1ea5u nh\u1eafc \u201cboot : \u201d, nh\u1ea5n ENTER. Khi v\u00e0o\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u00ean trong, b\u1ecf qua b\u01b0\u1edbc ki\u1ec3m tra CDROM, m\u00e0n h\u00ecnh ti\u1ebfp theo s\u1ebdxu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n nh\u01b0 sau :

Default l\u00e0 ng\u00f4n ng\u1eef ti\u1ebfng Anh, Click Next.

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