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GiaoTrinhLinux

GiaoTrinhLinux

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Published by api-27344481

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Published by: api-27344481 on Dec 01, 2009
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03/18/2014

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\u0110\u1ea0IH\u1eccCQU\u1ed0C GIA H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I
TR\u01af\u1edcNG\u0110\u1ea0I H\u1eccC C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6
=====================================
H\u00c0 QUANG TH\u1ee4Y
NGUY\u1ec4N TR\u00cd TH\u00c0NH
Gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh:
H\u1ec6\u0110I\u1ec0U H\u00c0NH UNIX - LINUX
D\u00e0nh cho sinh vi\u00ean ng\u00e0nh C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin,
\u0110i\u1ec7n t\u1eed - Vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng, To\u00e1n tin \u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng
H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I - 2004
1
M\u1ee4C L\u1ee4C
L\u1edcI GI\u1edaI THI\u1ec6U
6
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 1. GI\u1edaI THI\u1ec6U CHUNG V\u1ec0 LINUX
7
1.1. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u v\u1ec1 UNIX v\u00e0 Linux
7
1.1.1. Xu\u1ea5t x\u1ee9, qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh ti\u1ebfn h\u00f3a v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1eb7c tr\u01b0ng c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7\u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00e0nh UNIX
7
1.1.2. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u s\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 Linux
9
1.2. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n c\u1ee7a Linux
12
1.2.1. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 nh\u00e2n
12
1.2.2. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 shell
13
1.3. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u v\u1ec1 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng l\u1ec7nh trong Linux
14
1.3.1. C\u00e1c quy\u01b0\u1edbc khi vi\u1ebftl\u1ec7nh
16
1.3.3. L\u00e0m\u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n thao t\u00e1c g\u00f5 l\u1ec7nh
18
1.3.4. Ti\u1ebfp n\u1ed1i d\u00f2ng l\u1ec7nh
20
1.4. Trang Man
21
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 2. THAO T\u00c1C V\u1edaI H\u1ec6 TH\u1ed0NG
23
2.1. Qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh kh\u1edfi\u0111\u1ed9ng Linux
23
2.2. Th\u1ee7 t\u1ee5c\u0111\u0103ng nh\u1eadp v\u00e0 c\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh tho\u00e1t kh\u1ecfi h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng
24
2.2.1.\u0110\u0103ng nh\u1eadp
24
2.2.2. Ra kh\u1ecfi h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng
25
2.2.3. Kh\u1edfi\u0111\u1ed9ng l\u1ea1i h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng
26
2.2.4. Kh\u1edfi\u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0o ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 \u0111\u1ed3 ho\u1ea1
27
2.3. L\u1ec7nh thay\u0111\u1ed5i m\u1eadt kh\u1ea9u
29
2.4. L\u1ec7nh xem, thi\u1ebft\u0111\u1eb7t ng\u00e0y, gi\u1edd hi\u1ec7n t\u1ea1i v\u00e0 xem l\u1ecbch tr\u00ean h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng
31
2.4.1 L\u1ec7nh xem, thi\u1ebft\u0111\u1eb7t ng\u00e0y, gi\u1edd
31
2.4.2. L\u1ec7nh xem l\u1ecbch
32
2.5. Xem th\u00f4ng tin h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng
33
2.6. Thay\u0111\u1ed5i n\u1ed9i dung d\u1ea5u nh\u1eafc shell
34
2.7. L\u1ec7nh g\u1ecdi ng\u00f4n ng\u1eef t\u00ednh to\u00e1n s\u1ed1 h\u1ecdc
35
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 3. H\u1ec6 TH\u1ed0NG FILE
38
3.1 T\u1ed5ng quan v\u1ec1 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng file
38
3.1.1. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m
38
3.1.2. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 ki\u1ebfn tr\u00fac n\u1ed9i t\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7th\u1ed1ng file
40
3.1.3. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 thu\u1eadt to\u00e1n l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c v\u1edbi inode
44
3.1.4. H\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 nhi\u1ec1u h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng File
46
3.1.5. Li\u00ean k\u1ebft t\u01b0\u1ee3ng tr\u01b0ng (l\u1ec7nh ln)
49
2
3.2 Quy\u1ec1n truy nh\u1eadp th\u01b0 m\u1ee5c v\u00e0 file
50
3.2.1 Quy\u1ec1n truy nh\u1eadp
50
3.2.2. C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n
52
3.3 Thao t\u00e1c v\u1edbi th\u01b0 m\u1ee5c
56
3.3.1 M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 th\u01b0 m\u1ee5c\u0111 \u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t
56
3.3.2 C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n v\u1ec1 th\u01b0 m\u1ee5c
58
3.4. C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c v\u1edbi file
61
3.4.1 C\u00e1c ki\u1ec3u file c\u00f3 trong Linux
61
3.4.2. C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh t\u1ea1o file
62
3.4.3 C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh thao t\u00e1c tr\u00ean file
63
3.4.4 C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh thao t\u00e1c theo n\u1ed9i dung file
69
3.4.5 C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh t\u00ecm file
76
3.5 N\u00e9n v\u00e0 sao l\u01b0u c\u00e1c file
82
3.5.1 Sao l\u01b0u c\u00e1c file (l\u1ec7nh tar)
82
3.5.2 N\u00e9n d\u1eef li\u1ec7u
84
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 4. QU\u1ea2N TR\u1eca QU\u00c1 TR\u00ccNH
88
4.1 Qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh trong UNIX
88
4.1.1. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
88
4.1.2. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n c\u1ee7a UNIX
88
4.1.3. C\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng con trong nh\u00e2n
89
4.1.4. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
92
4.1.5. Tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i v\u00e0 chuy\u1ec3n d\u1ecbch tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i
93
4.1.6. S\u1ef1 ng\u01b0ng ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0 ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng tr\u1edf l\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
94
4.1.7. S\u01a1 b\u1ed9 v\u1ec1 l\u1ec7nh\u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
94
4.2. C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n
95
4.2.1. L\u1ec7nh fg v\u00e0 l\u1ec7nh bg
95
4.2.2. Hi\u1ec3n th\u1ecb c\u00e1c qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh\u0111ang ch\u1ea1y v\u1edbi l\u1ec7nh ps
97
4.2.3. H\u1ee7y qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh v\u1edbi l\u1ec7nh kill
98
4.2.4. Cho m\u00e1y ng\u1eebng ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng m\u1ed9t th\u1eddi gian v\u1edbi l\u1ec7nh sleep
99
4.2.5. Xem c\u00e2y qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh v\u1edbi l\u1ec7nh pstree
100
4.2.6. L\u1ec7nh thi\u1ebft\u0111 \u1eb7t l\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9 \u01b0u ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh nice v\u00e0 l\u1ec7nh renice
101
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 5. QU\u1ea2N L\u00dd T\u00c0I KHO\u1ea2N NG\u01af\u1edcI D\u00d9NG
102
5.1 T\u00e0i kho\u1ea3n ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00f9ng
102
5.2 C\u00e1c l\u1ec7nh c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00f9ng
102
5.2.1 File /etc/passwd
102
5.2.2 Th\u00eam ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00f9ng v\u1edbi l\u1ec7nh useradd
103
5.2.3 Thay\u0111\u1ed5i thu\u1ed9c t\u00ednh ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00f9ng
105
5.2.4 X\u00f3a b\u1ecf m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00f9ng (l\u1ec7nh userdel)
105

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