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Guidelines For Training In Ericksonian Hypnosis And Psychotherapy

Guidelines For Training In Ericksonian Hypnosis And Psychotherapy

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Guidelines for Training in
Ericksonian Hypnosis and Psychotherapy

Adopted on 9 December 1999 by:
The Affiliated Societies and Institutes of
The Milton H. Erickson Foundation, Inc.
3606 N. 24th Street

Phoenix, AZ 85016-6500

FAX: (602) 956-0519
E-mail: office@erickson-foundation.org
Web site: www.erickson-foundation.org
Jeffrey K. Zeig, Ph.D., Director

Guidelines Prepared by:
Rubin Battino, M.S.
Harriet Hollander, Ph.D.
Milton H. Erickson Society of Dayton
Milton H. Erickson Society of New Jersey
c/o Department of Chemistry
889 Lawrenceville Road
Wright State University
Princeton, NJ 08540
Dayton, OH 45435
FAX: (609) 921-0758
FAX: (937) 775-2717

(609) 924-2508 or 6529
(937) 775-2477 (work)
(937) 767-1854 (home)

I. Introduction

The affiliated societies and institutes of the Milton H. Erickson Foundation, Inc., perceived a
need for the establishment of guidelines for training in Ericksonian hypnosis and psychotherapy at
their meeting in December 1994 at the 6th International Congress on Ericksonian Approaches to
Hypnosis and Psychotherapy. The co-authors of this document were appointed as an ad hoc
committee to prepare such guidelines in cooperation with the affiliated societies and institutes
(Affiliates). After much discussion these recommended guidelines were adopted by consensus at
the Affiliate\u2019s meeting in Phoenix on 9 December 1999. Each Affiliate is the responsible group for
establishing its own curriculum based on these recommendations, and for attesting to a student\u2019s
completion of a given course of study.

II. Eligibility for Training

Training is open to professionals in health-related fields including physicians, doctoral level
psychologists and dentists who are qualified for membership in, or are members of, their respective
professional organizations (e.g., A.M.A., A.P.A., A.D.A.). Training is also open to professionals with
mental health-related degrees (e.g., M.S.W., M.A., M.S., M.S.N., M.Ed.), including pastoral
counselors, from accredited institutions. Bona fide graduate students in accredited programs in the
above-cited fields need to present a letter from their department certifying graduate student status as
of the commencement of training. For graduate students a minimum of the equivalent of one year of
full-time graduate work is to be certified by their department. Attendees at training programs
worldwide must meet local standards of licensure or certification to practice in their own
health/mental health field, and are bound by the restrictions and limitations of such licensure.

III. Qualifications of Trainers

Each Affiliate establishes its own standards for those qualified to do training. The Affiliates will maintain a list of those they consider qualified to be trainers. The Affiliates will set up their own written standards as to what additional training and experience is needed beyond those required for advanced training to become a trainer within their own group.

IV. Recommended Training Curricula
In addition to meeting eligibility standards for training, the successful student will have the
followingm inim um hours of training in the categories listed. Each Affiliate has the authority to issue a

certificate under its own name attesting that the student has completed the course of study for each
level of training. The Affiliates may have training requirements in excess of these minimum
recommendations. The training is divided into three categories: fundamental, intermediate, and
advanced. Some Affiliates have added a first course in fundamental hypnosis for four levels of
training. Each level requires 40 hours of classroom instruction which include supervised practice of
the materials taught. Learners are expected todoc um ent an additional 80 hours of study and/or
practice per level. The topics to be covered at each level are listed. It is strongly recommended that
each student at the advanced level work with a client before his/her peers, and under supervision.
Appendix A gives sample detailed information for training for the asterisked topics.

Although the following topical outline appears to be centered on hypnosis, it is clear that

Erickson was first and foremost a psychotherapist who used hypnosis as but one aspect of his work. Thelanguage of hypnosis, for example, can be used whether a client is in or out of the trance state. Erickson\u2019s philosophy of attempting to create a new therapeutic approach for each unique client should not be overlooked. Also, the Erickson approach can be considered to be more a way of listening to a client, thinking about his/her problem and reacting to it, rather than a mere list of

techniques to be learned. Topics need to be illustrated by case studies.
A. Fundamental Training (40 hrs)
*History of Hypnosis
Erickson biography; overview of original source material
What makes hypnosis \u201cEricksonian?\u201d
*Myths and misconceptions of hypnosis
*Major theories and approaches to hypnosis
Definitions of hypnosis
*Ethical and legal considerations
Rapport building skills
Pacing and leading
10. *Indications of trance

11. *Common everyday trance 12. *The principle of utilization 13. *Language of hypnosis

a. Presuppositions
b. Negation
c. Binds
d. Ambiguity
e. Delivery
14. *Using direct and indirect methods
15. Relaxation methods
16. Introduction of the idea of a hypnotic intervention
17. *Basic inductions
a. Eye fixation
b. Hand levitation and limb catalepsy
c. Sand bucket
18. *Solution-oriented vs. problem-oriented
19. Context of hypnosis within therapy
20. *Legal and ethical issues
B. Intermediate Training (40 hrs)
Observational and feedback skills
*Basic Metaphor
Ratifying trance
*Deepening trance
*Resistance and its utilization
Scales of hypnotic susceptibility
Advanced inductions

a. My friend John b. Conversational *c. Crystal gazing

*d. Confusion
*e. Nonverbal methods
*Hypnotic phenomena
a. Amnesia and hypermnesia
b. Posthypnotic suggestions
c. Time distortion
*d. Age regression and age progression
e. Dissociation
f. Catalepsy
g. Anesthesia and analgesia
h. Hallucinations
10. *Self hypnosis methods
11. *Working with hypnotic dreams
12. Tailoring treatment
13. Depression and anxiety treatment
C. Advanced Training (40 hrs)
Advanced metaphor
*Dealing with abreactions

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