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Sample Endnotes

Sample Endnotes

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Published by kateey27
Journal Sample Endnotes
Journal Sample Endnotes

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Published by: kateey27 on Jul 20, 2014
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SAMPLE ENDNOTES Reference Type
: Journal Article
Record Number
: 4
Author
: Mansfeld, Florian
Year
: 2007
Title
: The interaction of bacteria and metal surfaces
Journal
: Electrochimica Acta
Volume
: 52
Issue
: 27
Pages
: 7670-7680
Date:
 2007-08
Short Title
: The interaction of bacteria and metal surfaces
Label
: De Schamphelaire Liesje
Keywords
: Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) Corrosion inhibition Bacteria Bacterial battery Microbial fuel cell
Abstract
: This review discusses different examples for the interaction of bacteria and metal surfaces based on work reported previously by various authors and work performed by the author with colleagues at other institutions and with his graduate students at CEEL. Traditionally it has  been assumed that the interaction of bacteria with metal surfaces always causes increased corrosion rates ("microbiologically influenced corrosion" (MIC)). However, more recently it has  been observed that many bacteria can reduce corrosion rates of different metals and alloys in many corrosive environments. For example, it has been found that certain strains of Shewanella can prevent pitting of Al 2024 in artificial seawater, tarnishing of brass and rusting of mild steel. It has been observed that corrosion started again when the biofilm was killed by adding antibiotics. The mechanism of corrosion protection seems to be different for different bacteria since it has been found that the corrosion potential Ecorr became more negative in the presence of Shewanella ana and algae, but more positive in the presence of Bacillus subtilis. These findings have been used in an initial study of the bacterial battery in which Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 was added to a cell containing Al 2024 and Cu in a growth medium. It was found that the power output of this cell continuously increased with time. In the microbial fuel cell (MFC) bacteria oxidize the fuel and transfer electrons directly to the anode. In initial studies EIS has been used to characterize the anode, cathode and membrane properties for different operating conditions of a MFC that contained Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Cell voltage (V)--current density (i) curves were obtained using potentiodynamic sweeps. The current output of a MFC has been monitored for different experimental conditions.
Notes
: MIC (microbially induced corrosion) is a phenomenon which is already quite well known. MICI (microbially induced corrosion inhibition) or the fact that the presence of bacteria can inhibit corrosion is a rather unknown phenomenon. The authors review some experiments regarding these phenomena with the focus on electrochemical parameters such as corrosion  potential and corrosion resistance. They interestingly see that during the course of this MICI  phenomenon, bacteria can shift the open circuit potential of the electrode to either higher or lower potentials, depending on the bacterial species. The authors made use of this phenomenon

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