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Practical Applications of CNC

Practical Applications of CNC

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03/18/2014

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Practical Applications of CNC

Manufacturing anything that requires exact measurements requires cutting edge precision
and nimbleness from the worker. Most of the time manufacturing these kinds of products
requires weeks or months to finish therefore slowing down productivity as well as
consistency of the manufacturers.

Computer Numerical Control or more commonly called as CNC\u2019s are the new trend in

machine shop manufacturing and practice. Any manufacturing environment owns one or
is basically acquainted to this kind of device because of its capability to increase
productivity as well as consistency on the products being produced.

Benchmarked from Numerical Control (NC) during the late 50\u2019s, Computer Numerical
Control incorporate the functionality of a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC),
meaning you could program it to execute different functions depending on the type of
manufacturing that the industry needs.

Given this kind of quality what does the Computer Numerical Control do in the practical
application concept? CNC can do a variety of things depending on how the machine
operator would program the system. The more acquainted the machine operator is to the
CNC machine the more complex applications as well as programming can be made.

Practical applications of CNC range from drilling, lathes, multi-axis spindles, milling
machines, laser cutting machines, and wire electrical discharge machines.

Let\u2019s discuss some of these common applications further. In Metal fabrication, Computer
Numerical controlled Lathe\u2019s are used to fabricate metal sheet by shearing, flame or
plasma cutting, punching, laser cutting, forming and welding. Most CNC Lathe\u2019s are
used for designing modern carbide tooling. The design could be created with the

Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) process, and when done, the CNC could start
creating the product automatically with little supervision from the machine operator.
Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is the process of removing metal with the use of

electrical sparks to take away the metal. These Electrical Discharge Machine has two
types, the vertical EDM and wire EDM. Vertical EDM uses an electrode that is the shape
of the cavity to be machined into a work piece. Wire EDM is used to create punch and
die combinations in the fabrication industry. Computer Numerical Control EDM\u2019s are not
usually known because it is mostly incorporated to other CNC process.

Drilling is the most common machine process. Computer Numerical Controlled Drilling
is used to create precise right circular cylinders over a certain material, the CNC could be
programmed to create holes on different standards, most of the time this is the gaps
between these holes. Drilling is commonly used in wood working manufacturing process
in which other process is also involved such as milling, turning and grinding.

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