positive direction. Summing-up, the overall tone of the project will be positive in the desire of the researcher tobridge the gap of how the rest of the Philippines should view Mindanao in a manner, which is balance and with justice.
Who are the indigenous people of Mindanao?
Lumad, meaning “born of the Earth,” is the collective name for the non-Muslim indigenous people (IPs)found in Mindanao.
They are regarded as the original inhabitants of Mindanao and used to comprise themajority of the Island.
In the survey made by the National Commission on Indigenous People (NCIP), the IPpopulation in the year 2000 is 17 percent out of the total population of the Philippines. In Mindanao alone, thereis an IP population of 61 percent with the Lumad covering 48 percent. See Table 1 below.
Table 1 Estimated Total IP Population, 2000Population % to Total
Philippines 12,887,291 100%Luzon 4,168,694 33%Visayas 800,780 6%Mindanao 7,917,817 61%Lumad 6,153,678 48%Proportion of IP Population to total Philippine Population 17%No. of Indigenous Tribal/Ethnolinguistic Groups 110
Note: Non-Lumad population is composed of indigenousMuslim tribes and majority Filipinos.
(lifted from IBON Facts and Figures)
Ibon Foundation, Inc., “The Lumads of Mindanao,” Ibon Facts and Figures, 31 August 2001, 2.