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chapter 1 protein

chapter 1 protein

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Published by: api-19916399 on Dec 02, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Chapter 1
Protein Structure and
analysis
\u2022Biochemistry
Course
Weihong Hou, Ph.D., Associate Prof.
Department of Biochemistry
Section 1 Chemical Composition of Protein
Amino Acids
Section 2Protein structure:
Structure:primary\u2192secondary\u2192 tertiary\u2192
quaternary
Domains, motif
Section 3Protein analysis
Purification,sequence, mass, and
structure analysis
1. 20 standard amino acids (except for proline)
H3N+
COO-
R
H
C\u03b1
1) \u03b1-carbon is chiral (asymmetric) except in glycine (R is H)
2) Amino acids can exit in both D- and L- stereoisomers, but only L-

isomers are found in proteins
3) Amino acids are dipolar ions (zwitterions in aqueous solution)
4) The side chains (R) differ in size, shape, charge and chemical

reactivity
5) A few proteins contain nonstandard amino acids that are formed
by post-translational modification of the parent amino acids.

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