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Vitamin Deficiencies & Excess

Vitamin Deficiencies & Excess

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Published by: api-26123997 on Dec 02, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Esnips.com/ user/ ma7moud
VIT.
DAI LY RE
Q
.
SOURCES
DEFI CI ENC
Y
EXCESS
B1
\u2022 0.5 mg/ d.
\u2022MFEM.
\u2022 All legumes, nut s, whole
grain cereals & oil seeds.
\u2022 Ber i -ber i :
o Dr y:Pol yneur i t i s.
o Wet :HF.
B2
\u2022 0.5 mg/ d. for inf.
\u2022 1 mg/ d. for ch.
\u2022 As B1.
\u2022 Angular stomatitis,
cheilosis, glossitis &
photophobia.
B3
\u2022 5 mg/ d.
\u2022 As B1.
\u2022 Pel l agr a:
o Di ar r hea, dement i a &
dermatitis.
\u2022 Ski n f l ushi ng, i t chi ng &
hepat osplenomegaly.
B6
\u2022 0.6 mg/ d.
\u2022 Ir r i t abi l i t y, convul si ons,
hypochromic anaemia,
peripheral neuritis in
patients receiving
isoniazid & oxaluria.
\u2022 Sensor y neur opat hy.
F.A.
\u2022 50\u03bcg/ d.
\u2022 GLV.
\u2022 M egal opl ast i c
anaemia.
B12
\u2022 0. 5\u03bcg/ d.
\u2022 Muscles, organ meat ,
EFM & cheese.
\u2022 Juveni l e per ni ci ous
anaemia.
BIOTIN
\u2022 Yeast s, ani mal pr oduct s &
synthesized in intestine.
\u2022 Der mat i t i s & sebor r hea
(inactivated by avidin in
raw egg white).
C
\u2022 30 mg/ d. for inf.
\u2022 50 mg/ d. for ch.
\u2022Citrus fruits, tomatoes,
cabbage &GLV (cooking
has a destructive effect).
\u2022 Scur vy:
o Subper i ost eal
haemorrhage, rosaries,
bleeding gums,
haemorrhage & poor
wound healing.
\u2022 Oxal ur i a.
A
\u2022 1000-2000 IU/ d.
\u2022 Retinol in animal food:
Liver, MFEM.
\u2022 Car ot enes (pr ovi t ami n) i n
plants:
Dar kGV.
\u2022 Ocular manifestations:
o Night blindness.
o Dr y conj unct i va & cor nea
(xerosis).
o Ker at omal aci a &
photophobia.
\u2022 Other manifestations:
o Ret ar ded gr ow t h.
o Impai r ed r esi st ance t o
infection.
\u2022 Acu t e:
o Pseudo-tumor cerebri.
\u2022 Chr oni c:

o Slow growth.
o Anor exi a.
o Hepat ospl enomegal y.
o\u2191 I CT.
o Car ot enemi a.
o Dr yi ng & cr acki ng of ski n.

D
\u2022 400-800 U/ d.
\u2022 1500 U/ d. for
prematures.
\u2022 Fish liver oil, vitamin D
fortified milk & exposure
to sunlight (ultraviolet
rays).
\u2022 Ri ck et s.

\u2022 Nausea, weight loss.
\u2022 Pol yur ea, noct ur i a.
\u2022 Calcification of soft

t i ssues.
E
\u2022 5 mg/ d.
\u2022 Germ oils of seeds,GLV,
nut s & legumes.
\u2022 Haemol ysi s i n
prematures.
\u2022
K
\u2022 5\u03bcg/ d for inf.
\u2022 15\u03bcg / d. for ch.
\u2022 GLV & liver.
\u2022 Haemor r hage.
\u2022 Synt het i c anal ogues may
produce
hyperbilirubinaemia in
prematures.
M FEM= M eat , Fi sh, Eggs & M i l k.
GLV= Gr een Leaf y Veget abl es.

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