Similar in size and appearance to a Denarius but struck in brass - valued at 2 to an As. Never acommon coin even when in circulation.
Coins of Roman Britain - 3rd and 4th Centuries
The coinage of the 3rd and 4th Centuries is complex and confusing.It was a time when the Roman Empire was under attack on many fronts and the economy was indecline. Many reforms of the coinage were attempted and few lasted more than a short time. Themost significant coin issues are described below:
First introduced by the Emperor Caracalla in AD 214, this coin was initially struck in silver andvalued at 2 Denarii. The coin was named after Caracalla's official name - "Antoninus" andshowed the Emperor wearing the radiate crown, hence its more common name "Radiate". Whenfirst issued, this coin was about 22mm in diameter and struck in reasonably good silver (about50% fine). As the 3rd Century progressed, inflation reduced it, both in size and silver contentuntil it became a bronze coin, sometimes only 10 mm in diameter, until production finally ceasedat the end of the century. This coin was issued in vast quantities by both legitimate and usurperEmperors.Many illegal copies were produced, mainly of poor quality, hence their common name -"Barbarous Radiates"
Issued by the Emperor Diocletion in about AD 295, this was, initially, a large coin of about 25-30 mm diameter struck in bronze with a thin silver was applied. Within 20 years or so the Follishad been reduced to a small bronze coin of about 18-20 mm with no attempt at silvering.
Coins of the 4th Century
The names of the common 4th century denominations have not been recorded in history somodern terminology is used to classify the coins struck as Ae1, Ae2, Ae3 and Ae4, Ae1 beingthe largest. All these coins were struck in bronze with no silver content.
from 25-30 mm diameter, this coin was issued by the Emperor Julian II, AD 360-363, possibly inan attempt to revive the original Follis.