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Slums of the World: The face of urban poverty in the new millennium

Slums of the World: The face of urban poverty in the new millennium

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The current paper presents the results of a first global enumeration of slums at the country level. The data are analyzed and comparisons established at sub-regional and regional levels while trying to understand what is happening globally. This document is the culmination of attempts to come to grips with changes in the way we measure slums, starting by providing an agreed universal definition of this type of settlements and a clear methodological approach. The preliminary estimations presented in this document represent a baseline year level that permits the preparation of quantitative estimates for future trends. By providing the methodology and the quantitative knowledge base, the document strives to enhance the use of information on urban poverty, as a powerful policy-making tool to help induce the desired structural changes for poverty alleviation.
The current paper presents the results of a first global enumeration of slums at the country level. The data are analyzed and comparisons established at sub-regional and regional levels while trying to understand what is happening globally. This document is the culmination of attempts to come to grips with changes in the way we measure slums, starting by providing an agreed universal definition of this type of settlements and a clear methodological approach. The preliminary estimations presented in this document represent a baseline year level that permits the preparation of quantitative estimates for future trends. By providing the methodology and the quantitative knowledge base, the document strives to enhance the use of information on urban poverty, as a powerful policy-making tool to help induce the desired structural changes for poverty alleviation.

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07/29/2014

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Monitoring the Millennium Development Goal,Target 11- World-wide Slum Dweller EstimationWorking Paper
Slums of the World:
The face of urban poverty in the new millennium?
Slums of the World:
The face of urban poverty in the new millennium?
 
 The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoeveron the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country,territory,city or area or of its authorities,or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries or regarding its economic system or degree of development.The analysis,conclusions and recommendations of the report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Human SettlementsProgramme (UN-HABITAT),the Governing Council of UN-HABITAT or its Member States.Excerpts from this publication may be reproduced without authorization,on condition that the source is indicated.© United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT),2003ISBN:92-1-131683-9Series ISBN:92-1-131684-7HS/692/03EUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme publications can be obtained from UN-HABITAT Regional and Information Offices ordirectly from:P.O.Box 30030,GPO 00100Nairobi,KenyaFax:+(254-20) 624060E-mail:habitat.publications@unhabitat.orgWebsite:http://www.unhabitat.org
Report designed and laid-out by Michael Jones Software - mjs@triad.co.keFront cover photo Topham Picturepoint,back cover photo courtesy of Eduardo Moreno
 
GLOBAL URBAN OBSERVATORY
1
 T
he
Slums ofthe World Report 
appears at a time ofgrowing awareness ofthe red flags raised by theurbanization process,particularly because ofan increasing number and proportion ofcityresidents who live in poverty in precarious settlements in the core historic part ofcities and in theperi-urban areas. The empirical evidence compiled in this study is overwhelming.Today,one-third ofthe worlds urbanpopulation lives in slums,and four out often inhabitants in the developing world are informal settlers. This information is available because for the first time a baseline information on slums was produced,surveying over 1 million household records and compiling data from over 316 different sub-national,national and international sources. This enormous work was done by the Global Urban Observatory (GUO) ofUN-HABITAT in collaborationwith the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC).The study represents a milestone in the efforts ofUN-HABITAT to monitorprogress in the implementation ofthe Millennium Development Goal 7,Target 11,for which we are the responsible agency for the improvementofthe lives ofat least 100 million slum dwellers by the year 2020. The number ofissues relevant to urban poverty and slums is practically infinite.This study is accordingly confining itselfto the globalestimation ofslums at the country level,establishing quantitative and qualitative analysis ofthe statistical information produced.Based on these preliminary estimates on slums,it will be possible to develop time series on slum indicators,helping to track in a moresystematic manner the ‘improvement’in the lives ofthese informal dwellers.Adopting the agreed methodology to local context and needs,Governments would be able to set up their own targets directed at meeting theMDG objective.Likewise,the GUO would be able to undertake future analysis on slum incidence and trends,in order to establish comparisonsbetween countries,sub-regions and regions.Awareness ofthe magnitude ofslums in the world is key.As awareness increases so openness to discuss this issue increases as well and newideas will inevitably expand. This Report therefore merits attention by all partners ofthe Habitat Agenda at a time when slums are being clearly identified as a crucialdevelopment issue around the world.They are,after all,pointers ofthe most acute scenarios ofurban poverty and physical and environmentaldeprivation.
FOREWORD
Mrs.Anna Kajumulo TibaijukaExecutive DirectorUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT)
SLUMS OF THE WORLD:THE FACE OF URBAN POVERTY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM?

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