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NURSING RESEARCH Nursing Research • Kerlinger - The Systematic, Empirical,

NURSING RESEARCH Nursing Research • Kerlinger - The Systematic, Empirical,

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Published by: rizaustria on Dec 02, 2009
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05/11/2014

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NURSING RESEARCH
Nursing Research
Kerlinger - the systematic, empirical, controlled and criticalinvestigation of a hypothetical proposition in relation to a naturalphenomena/ problem
Conducted to affirm or deny a hypothesis
Phenomenon
.
everyday phenomenon that affects the nurse (eg. bacteria,drugs, physician)Phenomenon + hypothesis = research problem 
>(educated guess/scientific/ tentative answer)Without hypothesis there is no research problem, only a problem
Major Characteristics of a Good or Major Research
Systematic
o
conduct research in a step by step process or procedure
Empirical
o
objective data should be observable/measurable or readilycollected using your senses
Controlled/ manipulated
o
Methods/tool of controlling is research design
Critical investigation/fact finding investigation
o
In order to answer the data is by using facts.
o
Looking for human beings who can give us facts
Purpose of Research in Nursing Profession [DEED]
Descriptive
o
observe, describe and record
o
gain richer familiarity regarding the phenomena
o
100% known to RN
Exploratory
o
Explore to those areas that are unknown
o
Observe more
o
50%-50% (50%known to nurses and 50% unknown to thenurses
Experimental
o
Active intervention, active manipulation
o
Want to find out cause & effect
o
Done something before observing results
Developmental
o
 To improve the system of care for the your patient.
 
o
Develop and improve existing system
Conducting research is for the benefit the pt or patient care/pt focus
Ethics of a Researcher 
S
Scientific Objective
– conductive research for a goodpurpose or object for your pt
C
Cooperation and Consent
. Do not conductdata/experiment w/o a consent (legally the patient owns thechart. However the hospital owns the chart)
I
Integrity
– worked hard on the research
E
Equitable
– acknowledging works or contribution of others
N
Nobility
– protect the rights of your subjects
o
Right not to be harmed
 
(physical, mental, moral harm) usually done duringexperimental research
Physical Harm/ Negligence
- undeliberate physicalharm
Commission
– done outside the standardpractice of nursing (eg. urinary catheter placedon the nose of the pt)
Omission
– from the very start, you did not dosomething about it.
Moral Harm
Assault
– mental fear/threat without physicalharm
Battery
– physically you harm the pt
Restraint is never an independent nursing order
physical restraint – eg. Jacket
chemical restraint – eg. use of psychotropicdrug
Moral harm
Slander
– oral defamation
Libel
– published or placed in the newspaper
o
Right to self-determination
o
Right to privacy
Anonymity
– identity of subject may not bedisclosed. Privacy of the Informant (pt) eg. conduct a
Florence Nightingale
Birthplace – Italy
Training Ground – Germany
Greatest Contribution – environmental Theory, training RNs in CrimeanWar  
 
study on HIV pt. but the pt wants his name to bewritten in the newspaper as Mr. X, Mr. Y or Mr. W
Confidentiality
– information acquired must bedisclosed. Privacy of the information eg. conduct astudy on HIV pt. but the pt wants the nurse shouldonly know
T
Truthfulness
– put only the data you have collected
I
Importance
– importance to the nursing profession
F
Factual
– facts or data
I
Ideal
(follow the 11 steps of research)
C
CourageSteps in Nursing Research Process
Identification/formulation of research
o
problem
- anything that requires solution thru scientific
  
 investigation.
o
Sources of problem :
C
– concepts (Ca, PTB, MI)
L
– literature, essays, books, journals
I
– Issues
E
– experience
N
– Nursing problems
T
– theories
o
Characteristics of a research problem
G
– general applicability and use
Re
– Researchable
F
– Feasible and measurable
F –
actors of a feasible research :
time, money, experience of the researcher,instruments, population
I
– importance to nursing profession
N
novelty/originality
P
lagiarism/illegal replication – unauthorizeduse of another’s literary work without anyconsent or permission
S
– significance to nursing
o
2 types of research according to use
basic/pure research
only the research benefits the research
It is only for your personal necessity
Answers your own question
Applied research

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