becomes the major broadband service provider to the metropolitan area and GPRS(General packet radio service) the major cellular service provider, users must beable to easily roaming among different technologies without interruption. The successwill depend on the integration of mechanisms to deal with handoffs. Within ametropolitan network, a mobile user could switch between different accesstechnologies due to coverage and provider changes, like GPRS.WiMaX and GPRS are viewed as the future complementary access technologies.From one side, UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) core networkGPRS that uses GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) technology iscapable of providing data transmission with medium speed over wide area, supportinghigh numbers of mobile users. On the other side, IEEE 802.16 broadband network,WiMaX can offer high data rates relatively in large geographical areas as well as highdata rate as compared to the cellular GPRS and are expected to be widely deployedin the future network generation. The main problem of next generation network is toseamlessly transfer the connection of a mobile host exiting the coverage of the GPRSto another access network with larger coverage area like WiMax. In other words,interoperability is needed to support the mobile users between GPRS, withmobile internet access, keeping the connection on line when moving to WiMaxaccess network, thus providing always on connectivity and vice versa. But the mainissue will be to provide fast vertical handover between these heterogeneous accessnetworks of larger coverage area, considering the quality of service (QoS), continuousservice as well as cost effectiveness. Therefore, better algorithm is necessary in thehandover procedure instead of the received signal strength (RSS) based algorithm. Ithas been experimented that SINR is better than the RSS based since, it considers thenoise and interference factors in the background of the networks. Vertical handoff iswork of my thesis using SINR based approach. Moreover step is taken to control thetransmission power of the mobile to maintain the SINR for reducing the number ofhandoff and saving the battery power depending on the noise and interferencepresent.
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