CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO
9subgrade is to be constructed with proper control over it’s properties, especiallycompaction characteristics.During investigation it found that that the failure of flexile pavement wasessentially caused due to the following reasons:1. Lateral displacement of the subgrade material as a result of subgradeabsorbing water.2. Differential settlement of the material underneath the pavement.3. Excessive deflection of the material under the pavement.Based on these conclusions, the CBR test, which is an ad hock penetration test,was devised in order to predict the behavior of the pavement material includingthe subgrade. CBR value is defined as the ratio of load required to cause aspecified penetration say 2.5mm or 5mm of a standard plunger into the sample tothe load required to produce the same penetration of same plunger into standardstone aggregate sample, expressed as a percentage. CBR value varies from 0 to100%. More CBR indicates a stronger soil. If density is less, CBR is less. TheCBR is expressed as percentage of penetration resistance of a given pavementmaterial to that of a standard value of penetration resistance obtained for acrusher stone aggregate available in California.
3.3 Design of Pavement Using the CBR Method
In order to design a pavement in CBR method, first the soaked CBR value of soilsub-grade is evaluated. Then appropriate design curve is chosen by takingdesign wheel load or by taking anticipated traffic into consideration. Thus thetotal thickness of flexible pavement to cover the subgrade of known CBR value isobtained. Incase there is a material superior than the soil sub-grade such that itmay be used as sub-base course, then the thickness of construction over thismaterial could be obtained from design chart knowing the CBR value of the sub-base. Thickness of the sub-base course is the total thickness minus thethickness over the sub-base.
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING