Segmentation subdivides an image into itsconstituent regions or groups. The level to which the subdivision is carried dependson the problem being solved. That is, segmentation should stop when the objectsof interest in an application have been isolated.e.g. automated inspection of electronic assemblies;specific anomalies; missing components or brokenconnection paths.
Segmentation algorithms ; Two categoriesbased on two basic properties of intensityvalues :discontinuity and similarity
: Abrupt changes in intensity ;edges
: partitionning of regions whichare similar according to a set of predefined criteria.e.g. Thresholding, region growing, region splitting