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Published by: api-19838084 on Dec 02, 2009
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1.The Origin of Species
When Charles Darwin's book went on sale to the trade on November 22, 1859 the stock of 1,250 copies
was oversubscribed.
His theory: Evolution was by natural selection, not a divine process.

The most enthusiastic response came from radical atheists, who hailed Darwin as "the greatest
revolutionist in natural history of this century" but clerics were pained at his theory which entirely ruled
out divine intervention and destroyed the idea that all creatures were immutably made during the seven-
day Creation.

2.The FA Rule Book
In 1863, the Football Association's First Rule Book set out a list which regulated the game in and around

London, though for quite some time the provinces clubs continued to follow their local rules.
The FA Rule Book forms the basis for the modern rules of the game.
1st game played under the rules: January 9, 1863 at Battersea Park in south-west London.

3.Shakespeare's 1st Folio
The first collected edition of William Shakespeare's plays was published in 1623.
Collection: 36 plays, 18 of which were published for the first time, thus saving such works as The Tempest

and Macbeth from probable extinction.
Collected by: Actor editors John Heminge and Henry Condell.
These plays were not attributed to Shakespeare until the date of publication, seven years after his death.
4.Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton in his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published on July 5, 1687 describes the
universal gravitation and, via his laws of motion, laid the groundwork for classical mechanics.
Generally regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science, it also contains the
Hypotheses non fingo ("I do not assert that any hypotheses are true").
5.The Wealth of Nations

The Scottish economist Adam Smith's groundbreaking book, published in 1776, is the first complete
system of political economy by the articulator of laissez-faire capitalism. It set the foundation for modern

He supports the theory that the less government interferes with business, the more prosperous the nation
will be.

6.Wilberforce's speech
On May 12, 1789, the Tory MP William Wilberforce made his first speech against the slave trade.
It was a speech that changed history.
Wilberforce said: "...having heard all of this you may choose to look the other way but you can never

again say that you did not know."
Until then it was possible for people in Britain to say that they did not know the truth about slavery..

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