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140630272753d27a072cbe7

140630272753d27a072cbe7

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Published by: preciousupset9949 on Jul 25, 2014
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Breast implant
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThe pre-operative (left) and post-operative (right) aspects of a bilateral breast augmentation withhigh-profile, 500cc silicone-gel implants.The post-operative aspect of a breast cancer mastectomy; the woman is a candidate for a primarybreast-reconstruction procedure of her right breast. A breast implant is a prosthesis used to change the size, form, and texture of a woman's breast; inplastic surgery, breast implants are applied for post-mastectomy breast reconstruction; forcorrecting congenital defects and deformities of the chest wall; for aesthetic breast augmentation;and for creating breasts in the male-to-female transsexual patient.There are three general types of breast implant devices, defined by their filler material: salinesolution, silicone gel, and composite filler. The saline implant has an elastomer silicone shell filledwith sterile saline solution; the silicone implant has an elastomer silicone shell filled with viscoussilicone gel; and the alternative composition implants featured miscellaneous fillers, such as soy oil,polypropylene string, et cetera.
 
In surgical practice, for the reconstruction of a breast, the tissue expander device is a temporarybreast prosthesis used to form and establish an implant pocket for emplacing the permanent breastimplant. For the correction of male breast defects and deformities, the pectoral implant is the breastprosthesis used for the reconstruction and the aesthetic repair of a man's chest wall (see:gynecomastia and mastopexy).Contents1 History2 Types2.1 Saline implants2.2 Silicone gel implants3 The patient4 Surgical procedures4.1 Indications4.2 Incision types4.3 Implant pocket placement4.4 Post-surgical recovery5 Complications5.1 Implant rupture5.2 Capsular contracture5.3 Repair and revision surgeries6 Alleged complications6.1 Systemic disease and sickness6.2 Platinum toxicity7 Implants and breast-feeding8 Implants and mammography9 U.S. FDA approval10 Criticism11 See also
 
12 References13 External linksHistory Vincenz Czerny (1842-1916), a surgical pioneer in breast reconstruction.The 19th centurySince the late nineteenth century, breast implants have been used to surgically augment the size(volume), modify the shape (contour), and enhance the feel (tact) of a woman's breasts. In 1895,surgeon Vincenz Czerny effected the earliest breast implant emplacement when he used thepatient's autologous adipose tissue, harvested from a benign lumbar lipoma, to repair the asymmetryof the breast from which he had removed a tumor.[1] In 1889, surgeon Robert Gersunyexperimented with paraffin injections, with disastrous results. From the first half of the twentiethcentury, physicians used other substances as breast implant fillers--ivory, glass balls, ground rubber,ox cartilage, Terylene wool, gutta-percha, Dicora, polyethylene chips, Ivalon (polyvinyl alcohol--formaldehyde polymer sponge), a polyethylene sac with Ivalon, polyether foam sponge (Etheron),polyethylene tape (Polystan) strips wound into a ball, polyester (polyurethane foam sponge) Silasticrubber, and teflon-silicone prostheses.[2]The 20th centuryIn the mid-twentieth century, Morton I. Berson, in 1945, and Jacques Maliniac, in 1950, eachperformed flap-based breast augmentations by rotating the patient's chest wall tissue into the breastto increase its volume. Furthermore, throughout the 1950s and the 1960s, plastic surgeons usedsynthetic fillers--including silicone injections received by some 50,000 women, from which developedsilicone granulomas and breast hardening that required treatment by mastectomy.[3] In 1961, the American plastic surgeons Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow, and the Dow Corning Corporation,developed the first silicone breast prosthesis, filled with silicone gel; in due course, the firstaugmentation mammoplasty was performed in 1962 using the Cronin-Gerow Implant, prosthesismodel 1963. In 1964, the French company Laboratoires Arion developed and manufactured thesaline breast implant, filled with saline solution, and then introduced for use as a medical device in1964.[4]

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